1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #11

Welcome back. This is the 11th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “더, 아빠, 싶다, 많다, 생각” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 더, 아빠, 싶다, 많다, 생각

 

51. 더 [deo] – more, further

– 더 [deo] is used to express “more” or “further” in terms of quantity or addition.
– 더하다 [deo-ha-da] means “to add”. “더하다” is a compound verb combining “더” (more) and “하다” (to do), which means “to add” or “to increase”.

Example sentences:

더 배우고 싶어. I want to learn more.
이거 더하면 얼마야? What’s the total if you add this?

 

52. 아빠 [a-ppa] – dad, father

– 아빠 [a-ppa] is an informal way of saying “dad” or “father”.
– 아버지 [a-beo-ji] is a polite way of saying “father”.
– 아버님 [a-beo-nim] is a very formal and respectful way of saying “father”.

Example sentences:

아빠, 같이 놀자! Dad, let’s play together!
아버지는 열심히 일해. Dad works hard.
아버님, 건강하세요? How is your health, dad?

 

53. 싶다 [sip-tta] – to want

– 싶다 [sip-tta] is used to express a desire for a certain action or state. It is used in conjunction with other verbs.

Example sentences:

뭐 하고 싶어? What do you want to do?

 

54. 많다 [man-ta] – to be many, a lot

– 많다 [man-ta] means that there is a large amount or significant degree of something.
– 많은 [ma-neun] is the adjective form of 많다, used to describe a large amount or number of something.

Example sentences:

여기 사람 정말 많아. There are many people here.
많은 사람들이 목숨을 잃었어. Many people lost their lives.

 

55. 생각 [saeng-gak] – thought, thinking

– 생각 [saeng-gak] refers to thoughts or thinking about a particular subject and is used as a noun.
– 생각하다 [saeng-gak-ha-da] is a compound verb formed by combining “생각” which means “thought” with the verb “하다” [ha-da] which means “to do”. This verb means the act of contemplating, considering or engaging in mental processes related to a particular subject. It involves actively thinking about or analysing something.
– 생각나다 [saeng-gak-na-da] is another compound verb formed by combining “생각” and “나다” [na-da]. It indicates the action of something coming to mind or being remembered. Even if something hasn’t been thought of before, it suddenly appears in the mind, as if it appears or emerges.

Example sentences:

내 생각 좀 들려줄게. Let me share my thoughts.
잘 생각해 봐. Think about it.
이제 생각났어. Now I remembered.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

The “verb stem + 고 싶다” is a phrase that translates to “want to” or “would like to” in English. It conveys the speaker’s desire or intention to perform the action indicated by the verb stem.

Verb stem: The “verb stem” refers to the base form of the verb without any conjugation. For example, the verb stem of “먹다” (to eat) is “먹” and the verb stem of “가다” (to go) is “가”.

뭐 하고 싶어? What do you want to do?
먹고 싶다 [meok-go sip-tta] : I want to eat.
가고 싶다 [ga-go sip-tta]: I want to go.
공부하고 싶다 [gong-bu ha-go sip-tta]: I want to study.
여행하고 싶다 [yeo-haeng ha-go sip-tta]: I want to travel.

In these examples, the verb stem is combined with “고 싶다” to express the desire or wish to perform the action indicated by the verb. This structure is often used in everyday conversation to express personal preferences or intentions.

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