1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #15

Welcome back. This is the 15th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “형, 아무, 놓다, 받다, 얘” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 형, 아무, 놓다, 받다, 얘

 

71. 형 [hyeong] – older brother (if you are male)

– 형 [hyeong] is used by a male speaker to refer to his older brother.
– 형님 [hyeong-nim] is a more respectful way to address an older brother.
– 형제 [hyeong-je] refers to brothers or siblings in a general sense.

Example sentences:

형, 뭐해? Hey, big brother, what are you doing?
형님, 잘 지내셨어요? How have you been, elder brother?
우리 형제들 모두 모일 거예요. All of us siblings will come together.

 

72. 아무 [a-mu] – any, anything, anyone

– 아무 [a-mu] is used to express not choosing a particular thing in the sense of “any” (e.g. anything, anyone).
– Depending on the particle that follows the word ‘아무’, it can refer to either people or things. To refer to people, the word ‘아무+나’ is used to indicate ‘someone’ or ‘anyone’, while ‘아무+도’ is used to indicate ‘no one’ or ‘no body’. Note that the use of 아무도 must be followed by a negative expression.

Example sentences:

아무 걱정 하지 마세요. Don’t worry about anything.

 

73. 놓다 [no-ta] – to put, to place

놓다 [no-ta] is used to describe the action of putting something somewhere.

Example sentences:

열쇠를 탁자 위에 놓았어요. I put the key on the table.

 

74. 받다 [bat-tta] – to receive, to get

– 받다 [bat-tta] means to receive or get something.
– 받아들이다 [bat-a-deu-li-da] expresses accepting or taking something in, often used for abstract concepts.

Example sentences:

선물을 받았어요. I have received a gift.
그 제안을 받아들이기로 했어요. I decided to accept the proposal.

 

75. 얘 [yae] – this child, hey, hey you

– 얘 [yae] is used informally to refer to “this child” or to get someone’s attention.
– 걔 [gyae] and 쟤 [jyae] are informal terms used to refer to “that person” or “he/she”.

Example sentences:

얘, 여기 와 봐. Hey, come over here.
걔 어제 뭐 했어? What did that person do yesterday?
쟤는 정말 재미있어. That person is really funny.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

When learning Korean, it’s also important to familiarize yourself with Korean family terms. Family plays an important role in every culture, and understanding and expressing relationships and family members’ names is essential for effective communication.

There are several benefits to learning Korean family terms:

Everyday conversations: Family related conversations are a common topic in everyday life. Knowing Korean family terms allows you to participate more naturally in everyday conversations.

Introducing yourself: When introducing yourself to others, mentioning your family members can be important. Being able to talk about your family members’ names and relationships makes it easier to explain your connections.

Building intimacy: Using family terms can help you build a more intimate connection with others. This fosters closer relationships and enhances cultural understanding.

Cultural insight: Different cultures have unique customs and characteristics related to family structures and roles. Understanding these aspects will help you to better understand a culture’s family relationships and social roles.

Therefore, it’s highly recommended that you study and become familiar with Korean family terms when learning Korean. This will enhance your ability to communicate effectively and gain insight into Korean culture.

If you would like to learn more about Korean family terms, you can visit the following website.
Korean Family Terms – How to address relatives & friends

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