1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #16

Welcome back. This is the 16th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “새끼, 년, 친구, 쓰다, 다르다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

Basic Korean words : 새끼, 년, 친구, 쓰다, 다르다

 

76. 새끼 [sae-kki] – baby, child / bastard

– 새끼 [sae-kki] refers to a ‘baby’ or ‘child’ in a general sense. However, 새끼 can also be used as an insult, similar to “bastard”, depending on the context and tone. It’s important to be careful when using it, as it can be derogatory.

Example sentences:

개들은 새끼일 때 특히 귀여워. Dogs are especially cute when they are babies.
너 이 새끼 뭐야? ‬ What the fuck are you?

 

77. 년 [nyeon] – year / bitch (insult)

– 년 [nyeon] is the term for “year”. However, 년 can also be offensive when used as a derogatory slang word to insult someone, often used against women. Be careful when using it, as it’s very disrespectful.

Example sentences:

어떻게 회사를 20년 넘게 다녔어? How did you stay with the company for over 20 years?
나 이년이랑‬ ‪아직 얘기가 안 끝났는데‬. I’m not done talking to this bitch.‬‬
그년한테는 아무 말도 하지 마. Don’t say anything to that bitch.
저년이 왜 그래? What’s wrong with that bitch?
작년에 여행을 갔어요. I went on a trip last year.
내년에 뭘 할 계획이예요? What are your plans for next year?
재작년에는 뭐 했어요? What did you do in the year before last?

 

78. 친구 [chin-gu] – friend

– 친구 [chin-gu] means “friend” in a general sense.
– 남친 [nam-chin] is a shortened form of 남자 친구 [nam-ja chin-gu], which means “boyfriend”.
– 여친 [yeo-chin] is a shortened form of 여자 친구 [yeo-ja chin-gu], which means “girlfriend”.
– 친하다 [chin-ha-da] is the verb form and means “to be close” or “to be friendly”.

Example sentences:

나랑 친구하자! Let’s be friends!
남친이랑 영화 보러 갈 거야. I’m going to watch a movie with my boyfriend.
여친이 생일 선물을 좋아해. My girlfriend likes birthday presents.
우리 친하게 지내자. Let’s be close.
남자 친구가 도와줬어. My male friend helped me.
여자 친구랑 데이트할 거야. I’m going out with my girlfriend.

 

79. 쓰다 [sseu-da] – to use / to wear, to put on / to write

– 쓰다 [sseu-da] can have several meanings, including “to use,” “to wear,” “to put on” and “to write.”

Example sentences:

이 펜을 써도 돼요? Can I use this pen?
근데‬ ‪그런 가면은 왜 쓰고 있는 거죠? But why are you wearing that mask?‬‬
메모를 쓰고 있어요. I’m writing a note.

 

80. 다르다 [da-reu-da] – to be different

– 다르다 [da-reu-da] means “to be different”.
– 다른 [da-reun] is the adjective form of 다르다, meaning “different” or “other”.
– 딴 [ttan] is a colloquial form of 다른 [da-reun], meaning “different” or “another”.

Example sentences:

나가면 뭐가 달라? ‪어차피 나가도 생지옥이야, 씨발‬. What difference does it make if I get out? It’s a living hell anyway, fuck.‬‬
다른 색깔을 골라봐. Select a different color.
딴 걱정 하지 말고 여기 집중하세요. Don’t worry about other things, concentrate on this.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

While it’s generally not recommended to actively use or incorporate swear words when learning a foreign language, it can be helpful to have some awareness of offensive language. Understanding when someone is using swear words can help you gauge the tone of a conversation, recognize potentially offensive expressions and navigate certain cultural contexts.

If you would like to learn Korean curse words, you can visit the following website.
Korean Curse Words – 23 Bad Words In Hangul You Better Know

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