1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #25

Welcome back. This is the 25th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “앞, 나다, 혹시, 눈, 아주” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 앞, 나다, 혹시, 눈, 아주

 

121. 앞 [ap] – front, before

– 앞 [ap] means “in front of” or “before”, indicating the direction or location in front of something.
– 앞에 [a-pe] means “in front of” or “before”.
– 앞 is used as either a noun or an adverb, and 앞에 is used as an adverb. The Korean particle “에 [e]” can be translated into English as “to,” “at,” “in,” and other similar meanings. It serves as a versatile preposition, indicating location, direction, or time, depending on the context in which it is used.

Example sentences:

내 앞에 놓인 책을 읽었어요. I read the book in front of me.
문 앞에 서 있어. Stand in front of the door.

 

122. 나다 [na-da] – to come out, to emerge

– 나다 [na-da] is used to express the action of coming out or emerging from a place or situation.

Example sentences:

바다에서 물고기가 나왔어요. A fish came out of the sea.
그림자가 밝은 곳으로 나타났다. The shadow emerged into the light.

 

123. 혹시 [hok-si] – by any chance, maybe

– 혹시 [hok-si] is used to introduce a question or statement with a sense of uncertainty or possibility.
– 혹 [hok] can be used in a similar context to indicate “perhaps” or “maybe”.

Example sentences:

혹시 그 책을 빌릴 수 있을까요? Can I borrow that book, by any chance?
혹 그 사람을 아세요? Maybe you know that person?

 

124. 눈 [nun] – eye / snow

– 눈 [nun] has several meanings including “eye”, “snow”.
– 눈물 [nun-mul] means “tears”, 눈빛 [nun-bit] means “gaze, look”, 눈깔 [nun-kkal] means “eyeball (informal)”.
– 눈길 [nun-ggil] means “gaze, attention”, 눈동자 [nun-dong-ja] means “pupil of the eye”.
– 눈감다 [nun-gam-da] means “to close one’s eyes” and 눈부시다 [nun-bu-si-da] means “to be dazzling, blinding”.

Example sentences:

눈이 피곤해요. My eyes are tired.
눈이 와요! It’s snowing!
눈물이 고여서 흘러요. Tears welled up and flowed.
그 사람 눈빛이 참 따뜻해. He has such a warm look in his eyes.
왼쪽 눈깔이 조금 아파요. My left eye is a bit sore.
그녀의 눈길이 나를 찾았어요. Her gaze found me.
그의 눈동자가 아름다워. His pupils are beautiful.
눈감고 깊게 숨을 들이마셨어요. I closed my eyes and breathed deeply.
햇빛이 너무 눈부셔. The sunlight is too bright.

 

125. 아주 [a-ju] – very

– 아주 [a-ju] is used to emphasize the degree of something by saying “very”.

Example sentences:

아주 행복해요. I’m very happy.
그 영화는 아주 재미있었어요. That movie was very interesting.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

The Korean particles “에” and “에서” have different purposes in indicating location and direction. Let’s explore their meanings and differences in English:

[e] :

Location: “에 is used to indicate a specific place or location where an action takes place or where something exists. It corresponds to English prepositions such as “at,” “in,” or “on,” depending on the context.
Example: 학교에 있어요 (I am at school), 집에 있어요 (I am at home).

Direction: “에 can also indicate the direction of an action, similar to the English preposition to.
Example: 도서관에 가다 (go to the library), 영화관에 오다 (come to the cinema).

Time: In certain contexts, 에 is used to indicate a specific time or period.
Example: 다섯 시에 만나요 (let’s meet at five o’clock), 일년에 한 번 (once a year).

에서 [e-seo] :

Place: “에서” indicates the specific place where an action starts or begins. It corresponds to English prepositions such as “from,” “at,” or “in,” depending on the context.
Example: 집에서 나가다 (go out from home), 학교에서 시작되다 (start from school), 음식점에서 식사하다 (eat at the restaurant).

Direction: “에서” can also indicate the direction of an action, away from a particular place.
Example: 공원에서 나오다 (Come out of the park), 학교에서 나오다 (Come out of the school).

Time: In some cases, 에서 can indicate the beginning of a period of time.
Example: 하루에서 이틀 (from one to two days).

In summary, “에” primarily indicates a place, direction, or time at which an action occurs or something exists. “에서” indicates the starting point of an action, a direction away from a place, or the beginning of a period of time. It’s important to choose the appropriate particle based on the specific context to accurately convey the intended meaning.

Leave a Comment