1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #30

Welcome back. This is the 30th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “마시다, 사랑, 다음, 밥, 묻다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 마시다, 사랑, 다음, 밥, 묻다

 

146. 마시다 [ma-si-da] – to drink

– 마시다 [ma-si-da] means “to drink”. This verb is used to express the action of taking liquids through the mouth.

Example sentence:

물을 마시세요. Please drink water.
(*In this sentence, 마시세요 is a polite imperative form that instructs someone to “drink”.)

 

147. 사랑 [sa-rang] – love

– “사랑” is a noun and “사랑하다” is a verb formed by adding the verb “하다” to this noun. 사랑하다” is a verbal expression derived from the noun “사랑” and means “to feel love for someone or something”.

Example sentences:

사랑, 사랑 누가 말했나? Love, love, who said so?
사랑해요. I love you.

 

148. 다음 [da-eum] – next

– 다음 [da-eum] means “next”. It is used to indicate the next event, time or item in a sequence.
– 그다음 [geu-da-eum] means “next” or “after that”, indicating the event immediately following.
– 이다음 [i-da-eum] is used for “the one after next”.

Example sentences:

다음 주에 만나요. Let’s meet next week.
이 책을 읽고 그다음 책을 골라봐요. Read this book and choose the next one.
이다음 주에 일정이 있어요. I have plans the week after next.

 

149. 밥 [bap] – rice, meal

– 밥 [bap] can refer to “rice” or more generally to a “meal” in Korean.

Example sentence:

오늘 밥 뭐 먹을까요? What should we eat today?
(*Here, 밥 is used to refer to the meal that includes rice.)

 

150. 묻다 [mut-tta] – to ask / to bury

– 묻다 [mut-tta] can have two meanings: “to ask” and “to bury”.
– 캐묻다 [kae-mut-tta] means “to question closely” or “to inquire deeply”.
– 여쭈다 [yeo-jju-da] is a more formal and polite form of the Korean verb “묻다”, which means “to ask”. It is used when you want to ask a question in a more polite and respectful way. This verb is particularly useful in situations where you want to show extra politeness or respect to the person you are addressing.

Example sentences:

지금부터 내가 묻는 말에 대답 잘해. From now on, be good at answering my questions.
그 사람들이 시체를 묻었어요. They buried the body.
이 문제를 캐묻지 마세요. Don’t question this problem too much.
너무 많이 여쭤봐서 죄송해요. I’m sorry for asking too much.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

What does “밥 먹었어?” mean in Korean?

“밥 먹었어?” can be translated into English as “Have you eaten?”.
This phrase is commonly used in Korean culture to greet someone or to check if they have eaten. It’s a friendly and caring question that shows concern for the person’s well-being. In this phrase, “밥” doesn’t refer to rice specifically, but to a meal in general. In such cases, it doesn’t necessarily mean eating rice, but the act of eating in general.

There are also questions such as “아침 먹었어?” (Have you had breakfast?), “점심 먹었어?” (Have you had lunch?) and “저녁 먹었어?” (Have you had dinner?), used in a similar context to “밥 먹었어?”. These questions express curiosity about when someone ate or inquire more specifically about their eating situation. They are used to confirm the time of their meals or to ask about their daily routine.

These questions are also expressed in a friendly and caring tone, such as “밥 먹었어”. They show concern for the other person’s well-being and comfort, thereby strengthening communication.

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