1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #34

Welcome back. This is the 34th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “내다, 병원, 필요, 얼굴, 기억” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 내다, 병원, 필요, 얼굴, 기억

 

166. 내다 [nae-da] – to make, to put out / to pay

내다 [nae-da] has two different meanings:

– 내다 [nae-da] means “to make” or “to put out”, indicating the act of making something or putting it in a certain place.
– It can also mean “to pay”, referring to the act of providing money for a purchase or service.
– 내다 in “verb stem + 아/어 내다” is an auxiliary verb used when the action of the previous statement has been independently completed.

Example sentences:

힘을 내. Cheer up.
(*Here, 내 is used as an encouragement to “cheer up”.)
이건 내가 낼게. This is on me.
(*In this context 내다 indicates the speaker’s intention to “pay” for something.)

 

167. 병원 [byeong-won] – hospital

– 병원 [byeong-won] refers to a “hospital”, a medical facility for the diagnosis, treatment and care of patients.

Example sentence:

병원에 갈 시간이에요. It’s time to go to the hospital.

 

168. 필요 [pi-ryo] – need, necessary

– 필요 [pi-ryo] means “need” or “necessary”, indicating the state of needing something.
– 필요하다 [pi-ryo-ha-da] is its verb form and means “to be necessary”.

Example sentences:

이게 필요해요. This is necessary.
우리가 차가 필요할까? 아마 필요 없을 거야. Do we need the car? Probably not.

 

169. 얼굴 [eol-gul] – face

– 얼굴 [eol-gul] refers to the “face”, the front part of the head that includes the 눈 (eyes), 코 (nose), 입 (mouth), and other facial features.

Example sentence:

그의 얼굴이 밝아졌어요. His face brightened up.

 

170. 기억 [gi-eok] – memory

– 기억 [gi-eok] refers to “memory,” the ability to recall past experiences and events.
– 기억하다 [gi-eok-ha-da] is its verb form and means “to remember”.

Example sentences:

어린 시절의 기억이 떠오르네요. Memories of my childhood come to mind.
그 순간을 기억해. Remember that moment.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

When learning a foreign language, words related to body parts are often among the most commonly used vocabulary. This is because they are commonly used in everyday life and knowing the names of these body parts is essential for effective communication. Body part vocabulary is used in a variety of contexts, including medical discussions, health-related conversations, daily activities and descriptions.

In English, for example, words such as ‘head’ (머리), ‘hand’ (손), ‘foot’ (발), ‘eye’ (눈) and ‘ear’ (귀) are examples of such vocabulary. These words include not only their literal meanings but also figurative expressions and comparisons, making them an important part of language learning.

If you want to learn body parts in Korean, you can visit the following website.
Body Parts in Korean – Complete terms from head to toe

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