1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #35

Welcome back. This is the 35th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “학생, 개, 학교, 오래, 해” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.


Basic Korean words : 학생, 개, 학교, 오래, 해


171. 학생 [hak-saeng] – student

– 학생 [hak-saeng] refers to a “student”, a person who attends an educational institution for the purpose of learning.

Example sentence:

나는 학생이에요. I’m a student.


172. 개 [gae] – dog

– 개 [gae] has several meanings:
– It refers to a “dog”, a domesticated animal.
– It can mean “piece” or “unit” when used in a counting context.
– 개새끼 [gae-sae-kki] is a colloquial term used as an insult.

Example sentences:

우리 집에 개가 있어요. We have a dog at home.
한 개 주세요. One, please.
(*Here, 개 indicates a counting unit.)
이 개새끼야! This jerk!
(*This expression is insulting and rude.)


173. 학교 [hak-gyo] – school

– 학교 [hak-gyo] refers to a “school”, an educational institution.
– Other terms related to different levels of education:
유치원 [yu-chi-won] – kindergarten
초등학교 [cho-deung-hak-gyo] – elementary school
중학교 [jung-hak-gyo] – middle school
고등학교 [go-deung-hak-gyo] – high school
대학교 [dae-hak-gyo] – university
대학원 [dae-hak-won] – graduate school

Example sentences:

내일 학교에 가야 해요. I have to go to school tomorrow.
동생이 유치원에 다닙니다. My younger sibling goes to kindergarten.
동생이 초등학교에 갔어요. My younger sibling went to elementary school.
나는 중학교에 다니고 있어요. I’m in middle school.
어릴 적에 고등학교에 갔어요. I went to high school when I was young.
동생은 대학교에 다니고 있어요. My younger sibling goes to university.
저는 대학원에서 공부하고 있어요. I’m studying in graduate school.


174. 오래 [o-rae] – for a long time

– 오래 [o-rae] means “for a long time”, indicating a considerable period of time.

Example sentence:

오래간만이에요. It’s been a long time.
(*This phrase expresses that it has been a long time since they last met.)


175. 해 [hae] – sun / year

– 해 [hae] means “sun”, the star at the center of the solar system.
– It can also mean “year” when used to indicate a period of time.

Example sentences:

해가 뜨고 있어요. The sun is rising.
(*This phrase refers to the rising of the sun.)
올해가 몇 년도인가요? What year is it this year?
(*Here, 해 indicates the concept of a year.)


Grammar & Study Resources

Words related to jobs and titles are also common vocabulary in foreign language learning. People often use this vocabulary when describing their own jobs or inquiring about someone else’s job. Work-related words also play an important role in social communication and interaction.

In English, words such as “teacher” (선생님), “engineer” (엔지니어), “doctor” (의사), “manager” (매니저) and “artist” (예술가) are examples of such vocabulary. These words are important not only when introducing yourself or asking about someone else’s job, but also in business contexts and social situations.

Therefore, vocabulary related to jobs and titles is an essential part of foreign language learning.
If you want to learn jobs in Korean, you can visit the following website.
Jobs in Korean – Complete List of Occupations and Titles

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