1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #37

Welcome back. This is the 37th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “문제, 연락, 사건, 세상, 차” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 문제, 연락, 사건, 세상, 차

 

181. 문제 [mun-je] – problem

– 문제 [mun-je] means “problem”, referring to a situation or issue that requires a solution or consideration.

Example sentence:

이 문제는 너무 어려워요. This problem is too difficult.

 

182. 연락 [yeon-rak] – contact, communication

– 연락 [yeon-rak] refers to “contact” or “communication”.
– 연락하다 [yeon-rak-ha-da] means “to contact” or “to notify”.

Example sentences:

연락 주세요. Please contact me.
(*This phrase is used to ask someone to contact you.)
도착하면 연락해. Call me when you get there.
(*This sentence suggests that the speaker should be notified upon arrival.)

 

183. 사건 [sa-ggeon] – incident, case

– 사건 [sa-ggeon] refers to an “incident” or “case”, usually describing a notable event or occurrence.

Example sentence:

물론 그 사건을 기억해요. Of course, I remember the incident.

 

184. 세상 [se-sang] – world, society

– 세상 [se-sang] means “world” or “society” and is often used to reflect on the challenges and complexities of life.
– “세상에(나)!” is an exclamation used when the speaker thinks something is shocking or extreme. It means “oh my goodness; oh my gosh” in English.

Example sentence:

세상이 정말 어려워요. The world is truly difficult.

 

185. 차 [cha] – car / tea

– 차 [cha] refers to a “car”, a means of transport.
– It also means “tea”, a beverage made by steeping leaves in hot water.

Example sentences:

내일 차를 빌려도 되나요? Can I borrow the car tomorrow?
(*This sentence is asking to borrow a car.)
차나 한잔합시다. Let’s have a cup of tea.
(*Here, 차 refers to the drink, tea.)

 

Grammar & Study Resources

The most common Korean particles are listed below.
Subject particle: 이 / 가
Topic particle: 은 / 는
Object particle: 을 / 를
이, 은, 을 for nouns ending with a consonant, 가, 는, 를 for nouns ending with a vowel.

이/가 은/는 을/를
문제 문제가 문제는 문제를
연락 연락이 연락은 연락을
사건 사건이 사건은 사건을
세상 세상이 세상은 세상을
차가 차는 차를

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