1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #40

Welcome back. This is the 40th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “앉다, 돌아가다, 일단, 들다, 편하다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 앉다, 돌아가다, 일단, 들다, 편하다

 

196. 앉다 [an-tta] – to sit

– 앉다 [an-tta] means “to sit”.

Example sentence:

여기에 앉아도 돼요? Can I sit here?
(*With ‘-아도/어도 돼요?’, this sentence asks for permission to sit in a particular place.)

 

197. 돌아가다 [do-la-ga-da] – to go back, to return

– 돌아가다 [do-la-ga-da] means “to go back, to return” and 돌아오다 [dol-a-o-da] means “to come back” or “to return”. Both verbs involve movement in a backward direction.
– “V-아/어 가다” literally expresses an action that has been done and will continue into the future. “V-아/어 가다” means “keep doing, going to do” in English, while “V-아/어 오다” means “have done so far”.

Example sentences:

나 다시 돌아갈래. I want to go back.
이따 돌아올게요. I’ll come back later.
(*Here, 돌아올게요 indicates the speaker’s plan to return at a later time.)

 

198. 일단 [il-ttan] – for now, first of all

일단 [il-ttan] is an expression used to indicate a preliminary or temporary action or situation.

Example sentence:

일단 시작해 봐요. Let’s start first.

 

199. 들다 [deul-da] – to take, to carry

들다 [deul-da] can mean “to take” or “to carry”. It can also mean “to enter”, especially in compound verbs such as 들어가다 [deul-eo-ga-da] (to enter).

Example sentences:

손에 든 걸 주세요. Please give me what’s in your hand.
잠이 들었어요. I fell asleep.
(*Here 들었어요 indicates the state of falling asleep.)

 

200. 편하다 [pyeon-ha-da] – to be comfortable

– 편하다 [pyeon-ha-da] refers to a state of being comfortable.

Example sentence:

이 의자는 편해요. This chair is comfortable.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

이 N, 그 N, 저 N

이, 그, 저’ are always followed by a noun and are used to refer to things or people.
이 N’ indicates a thing or person close to the speaker.
그 N’ indicates a thing or person close to the listener.
저 N’ indicates a thing or person far away from both the speaker and the listener.

이 의자는 편해요. This chair is comfortable.
그 영화 볼래요? Do you want to watch that movie?
저 쪽으로 가세요. Go over there.

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