1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #42

Welcome back. This is the 42nd post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “이유, 지난, 여보, 매일, 아까” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 이유, 지난, 여보, 매일, 아까

 

206. 이유 [i-yu] – reason, cause

– 이유 [i-yu] refers to a reason or cause.

Example sentence:

그 이유를 알고 싶어요. I want to know the reason for that.

 

207. 지난 [ji-nan] – last, past

– 지나다 [ji-na-da] means “to pass” and 지난 [ji-nan] is its adjective form, meaning “last, past”.
– 지나가다 [ji-na-ga-da] means “to pass by”.

Example sentences:

지난 주에 뭐 했어요? What did you do last week?
그 산을 지나서 마을에 도착했어요. We passed the mountain and arrived at the village.
길을 지나가면 오른쪽에 있어요. When you pass the street, it’s on the right.

 

208. 여보 [yeo-bo] – a term of endearment, honey (used by spouses)

– Sometimes 여보세요 [yeo-bo-se-yo] is a greeting that can mean “hello”, “pardon me” or “excuse me”.

Example sentences:

여보, 와인 좀 따라 줄래요? Honey, could you pour some wine?
(*This phrase asks a spouse to pour some wine.)
여보세요, 여기 아무도 없나요? Hello, is anyone here?
(*This sentence uses 여보세요 to get someone’s attention or inquire about the presence of others.)

 

209. 매일 [mae-il] – every day

– 매일 [mae-il] means “every day” and 맨날 [maen-nal] means “always” or “all the time”.

Example sentences:

매일 아침 운동해요. I exercise every morning.
(*This sentence describes a daily morning routine.)
그는 맨날 공부만 해요. He only studies all the time.
(*This sentence means that he is always focused on studying).

 

210. 아까 [a-kka] – a while ago, just now

– 아까 [a-kka] refers to a moment in the recent past.

Example sentence:

아까 먹었어요. I just ate.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

*verb stem + 자 : let’s, shall we
It’s used when you suggest to someone that they do something together.

*Verb stem + 을까/ ㄹ까 : an expression used to ask the listener’s opinion or to suggest something.
It’s used to ask the listener’s opinion or to make a suggestion. It’s also the same as ‘let’s’, ‘shall we’ in English.

*Verb stem + 고 : verb + and, and then, after
It can be used to join two clauses of the same type listed with ‘그리고’ into one by using it after a verb or adjective stem of the first clause.

*verb stem + 고 있다 : to be verb~ing
It means that the action is in progress.

*verb stem + 고 싶다 : to want to verb
It is used to express the subject’s hope and means ‘to want’.

These grammar explanations can be useful for beginners learning Korean.
They provide beginners with valuable tools for suggesting joint actions, asking opinions, expressing progress and expressing wishes. By mastering these patterns, learners can navigate more effectively in everyday conversation.

Leave a Comment