1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #44

Welcome back. This is the 44th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “정도, 배, 엄청, 지키다, 문” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.


Basic Korean words : 정도, 배, 엄청, 지키다, 문


216. 정도 [jeong-do] – degree, extent

– 정도 [jeong-do] refers to the degree or extent of something.

Example sentence:

이정도면 충분해요. This is sufficient to some extent.


217. 배 [bae] – stomach / ship

– 배 [bae] means “stomach” or “ship”.
– 배부르다 [bae-bu-reu-da] means “to be full” or “satisfied”, while 배고프다 [bae-go-peu-da] means “to be hungry”.

Example sentences:

배가 고파요. I’m hungry.
배부르니까 더 이상 먹을 필요 없어요. I’m full, so I don’t need to eat any more.
아직 배고프지 않아요. I’m not hungry yet.


218. 엄청 [eom-cheong] – very, extremely

– 엄청 [eom-cheong] means “very, extremely” and is used to emphasize the degree.

Example sentence:

엄청 맛있어요. It’s very tasty.


219. 지키다 [ji-ki-da] – to protect, to guard

– 지키다 [ji-ki-da] means “to protect, to guard” and 지켜보다 [ji-kyeo-bo-da] means “to watch” or “to observe”.

Example sentences:

아이를 지켜주세요. Please protect the child.
(*This sentence is asking someone to keep a child safe.)
그를 지켜보고 있어요. I’m watching him.
(*This sentence means that the speaker is watching someone’s actions.)


220. 문 [mun] – door

– 문 [mun] means door.
– 정문 [jeong-mun] means “front gate” or “main entrance”, while 대문 [dae-mun] means “main gate” or “entrance”.

Example sentences:

문을 열어주세요. Please open the door.
정문으로 들어가면 돼요. You can enter through the main entrance.
대문에서 기다려주세요. Please wait at the entrance.


Grammar & Study Resources

Although it’s not essential, knowing hanja (Chinese characters) can help you understand the basic meanings and sounds of many Korean words. It allows you to infer or associate the meaning of words, thus improving your vocabulary comprehension.

If you want to learn the hanja, you can visit the following website.
Hanja – All about Chinese characters & their meanings

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