1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #5

Welcome back. This is the 5th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “하나, 말, 좀, 오다, 같다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 하나, 말, 좀, 오다, 같다

 

21. 하나 [ha-na] – one

– 하나 [ha-na] and 한 [han] both mean “one” and are used to express a single amount of something. 하나 is used to count and express quantities, while 한 is used to modify nouns and specify a single instance within a context.
– 한번 [han-beon] means “once” and indicates a single event or attempt.
– 한잔 [han-jan] means “one glass” of a drink, such as water or a beverage.

Example sentences:

하나 주세요. Please give me one.
한 잔 주세요. Please give me one.
한번 해 볼까요? Shall we try once?
물 한잔 주세요. Please give me a glass of water.

*한잔 can be written as 한 잔 or 한잔. If you’re trying to get a sense of quantity, it’s correct to write it as “한 잔”. For example, if you’re ordering tea and you say “커피 한 잔과 녹차 두 잔 주세요. (I’ll have a coffee and two green teas, please)”, you’re spacing it out. But if you mean “a quick cup of tea or alcohol”, as in “언제 만나서 커피 한잔 하자(Let’s meet for coffee sometime)”, you use the noun 한잔.

22. 말 [mal] – word, speech / horse / end, close

– 말 [mal] mainly means “word” or “speech” and refers to language and communication. 말 can also mean “horse”. Another meaning of 말 is “end” or “close” and this meaning is often used in the context of time-related phrases to indicate the end of a certain period, such as a month or a conversation.
– 말씀 [mal-ssum] also means “word” or “speech”. It is a polite form of 말 used to show respect.

Example sentences:

아무 말도 하지 마. Don’t say anything.
말 타고 싶어요. I want to ride a horse.
이달 말까지 끝내. Finish by the end of this month.
뭐, 필요한 거 있으면 말씀하세요. Well, let me know if you need anything.

 

23. 좀 [jom] – a little, a bit

– 좀 [jom] and 조금 [jo-geum] both mean a modest or moderate amount and are often used to soften requests or statements.

Example sentences:

좀 더 자세히 설명해 주세요. Please explain in more detail.
조금만 기다려 주세요. Please wait a little bit.

 

24. 오다 [o-da] – to come

– 오다 [o-da] means “to come” and is used to describe movement from one place to another.
– 오시다 [o-si-da] is a polite form of 오다.

Example sentences:

어디에서 왔어요? 저는 미국에서 왔어요. Where are you from? I’m from the United States.
이쪽으로 오시죠. Come this way.

 

25. 같다 [gat-tta] – to be the same

– 같다 [gat-tta] means “to be the same” and is used to compare similarities between objects.
– 똑같다 [ttok-gat-tta] intensifies the meaning to convey “exactly the same”.

Example sentences:

같이 가면 좋겠어요. It would be nice if we went together.
두 사람 똑같아요. The two people look exactly alike.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

When learning any language, numbers are fundamental and very common elements. These numerical symbols form the basis of communication, allowing people to express quantities, time and various measurements. From basic everyday interactions to more complex conversations, numbers play a crucial role in a variety of contexts, such as counting, telling time, indicating age and discussing prices.

Numbers serve as a universal language bridge, enabling communication across cultures and languages. They provide a basis for understanding and connecting with others, whether you’re counting objects, telling your age or discussing numerical information in different situations. As a learner, mastering numbers allows you to navigate real-life scenarios with confidence and facilitates effective communication, regardless of the language you’re learning.

You can learn Korean numbers on the website below.
Easy Korean Numbers: Counting in Korean from 1 – 100+

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