1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #55

Welcome back. This is the 55th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “나중, 대체, 달다, 아침, 직접” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 나중, 대체, 달다, 아침, 직접

 

271. 나중 [na-jung] – later, afterwards

– 나중 [na-jung] means “later” or “afterwards”, indicating a point in time that comes after the present or another specified time.

Example sentence:

나중에 전화할게요. I’ll call you later.

 

272. 대체 [dae-che] – on earth, at all

– 대체 [dae-che] is used to express frustration, emphasis, or curiosity, often equivalent to “on earth” or “at all”.

Example sentence:

저게 대체 뭐야? What the hell is that?

 

273. 달다 [dal-da] – to hang, to put up / to be sweet

– 달다 [dal-da] can mean “to hang” or “to put up”, referring to hanging or putting something up.
It can also mean ‘to be sweet’. Let’s look at other words used to describe taste.
– 짜다 [jja-da] means “to be salty”, “to sting” or “to be tight”, referring to the taste of saltiness or the feeling of tightness.
– 맵다 [maep-da] means “to be spicy” or “hot”, referring to the taste of spiciness.
– 싱겁다 [sing-geop-tta] means “to be bland” or “tasteless”, referring to the lack of a strong flavor.
– 시다 [si-da] means “to be sour” or “tart”, referring to the taste of sourness.

Example sentences:

그림을 벽에 달아주세요. Please hang the picture on the wall.
이 음식은 맛있게 달아요. This food tastes sweet.
이 김치는 조금 짜요. This kimchi is a little salty.
이 요리는 너무 짠 거 같아요. I think this dish is too salty.
이 음식은 매워요. This food is spicy.
이 요리는 맛이 좀 싱겁네요. This dish is a bit tasteless.
레몬은 시지만 맛있어요. Lemons are sour but tasty.

 

274. 아침 [a-chim] – morning

– 아침 [a-chim] primarily means “morning” but can also mean “breakfast” depending on the context.
– 점심 [jeom-sim] means “afternoon” and “lunch”, while 저녁 [jeo-nyeok] means “evening” and “dinner”.

Example sentence:

아침에 일찍 일어나요. I wake up early in the morning.

 

275. 직접 [jik-jeop] – directly, personally

– 직접 [jik-jeop] means “directly” or “personally”, indicating that an action is done by oneself or without an intermediary.

Example sentence:

직접 가서 확인해 보세요. Please go and check for yourself.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

Learning expressions related to taste and food enhances your understanding and use of the language, making it more culturally rich and engaging.
To learn more about flavors in Korean, please visit the website below.

10 Korean Expressions for Flavors with Various Meanings

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