1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #57

Welcome back. This is the 57th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “새, 몸, 쉬다, 손님, 고생” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 새, 몸, 쉬다, 손님, 고생

 

281. 새 [sae] – bird / new

– 새 [sae] can mean both “bird” and “new”, depending on the context.
– 새롭다 [sae-rop-da] means “to be new” or “fresh”, describing something that is recently created or introduced.

Example sentences:

창 밖에 새가 날아다니고 있어요. A bird is flying outside the window.
이 책은 새로 나온 책이에요. This book is a new publication.
새롭게 시작해 보는 건 어때요? How about a fresh start?

 

282. 몸 [mom] – body

– 몸 [mom] refers to the “body”, the physical structure of a living being.

Example sentence:

운동을 해서 몸이 좋아졌어요. I have been exercising and my body feels better.

 

283. 쉬다 [swi-da] – to rest, to take a break

– 쉬다 [swi-da] means “to rest” or “to take a break”, indicating a temporary period of relaxation.

Example sentence:

한 시간 정도 쉬었어요. I rested for about an hour.

 

284. 손님 [son-nim] – guest, customer

– 손님 [son-nim] refers to “guest” or “customer”, someone who visits a place or establishment.

Example sentence:

손님이 많이 오셨어요. We have a lot of guests.

 

285. 고생 [go-saeng] – hardship, suffering

– 고생 [go-saeng] refers to “hardship” or “suffering”, indicating difficult experiences or situations.
– 고생하다 [go-saeng-ha-da] means “to go through a hardship” or “to have difficulties”.
– 고생스럽다 [go-saeng-seu-reop-da] is an adjective used to describe something as “hard” or “tough”.

Example sentences:

이건 고생도 아니예요. It’s not even hard work.
너무 고생했어요. You’ve worked so hard.
사는 것이 참 고생스럽다. Life is so hard.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

The most common Korean particles are listed below.
Subject particle: 이 / 가
Topic particle: 은 / 는
Object particle: 을 / 를
이, 은, 을 for nouns ending with a consonant, 가, 는, 를 for nouns ending with a vowel.

이/가 은/는 을/를
새가 새는 새를
몸이 몸은 몸을
손님 손님이 손님은 손님을
고생 고생이 고생은 고생을

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