1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #59

Welcome back. This is the 59th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “바꾸다, 죄, 바쁘다, 당장, 싸다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 바꾸다, 죄, 바쁘다, 당장, 싸다

 

291. 바꾸다 [ba-kku-da] – to change, to replace

– 바꾸다 [ba-kku-da] means “to change” or “to replace”, indicating the action of making something different or replacing one thing with another.
– 바뀌다 [ba-bwi-da] means “to change” or “to be replaced”, describing the state of being changed or replaced.
– 바꾸다 is an active verb and 바뀌다 is its passive form.

Example sentences:

의견을 바꾸고 싶어요. I want to change my opinion.
계획이 바뀌었어요. The plan has changed.

 

292. 죄 [joe] – sin, fault

– 죄 [joe] refers to a “sin” or a “fault”, indicating a wrongful or morally wrong action.

Example sentence:

그 행동은 큰 죄예요. That action is a big fault.

 

293. 바쁘다 [ba-bbeu-da] – to be busy

– 바쁘다 [ba-bbeu-da] means “to be busy”, indicating a state of having a lot of tasks or activities to attend to.

Example sentence:

요즘 일이 너무 바빠요. I’ve been very busy lately.

 

294. 당장 [dang-jang] – right away, immediately

– 당장 [dang-jang] means “right away” or “immediately”, indicating a prompt action or response.

Example sentence:

당장 와주세요. Please come right away.

 

295. 싸다 [ssa-da] – to be cheap

– 싸다 [ssa-da] means “to be cheap”, describing the cost or price of something as being low.

Example sentence:

이 제품은 가격이 싸요. This product is cheap.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

N-(이)지요?

‘N-(이)지요?’ expresses either i) the speaker’s strong conviction about a certain fact or state of affairs, or ii) that the fact or state of affairs referred to is something that is already known to both the speaker and the listener.

When responding, the ‘N-이예요/예요’ pattern is used.

If the noun ends with a vowel + -지요? :
죄 -> 죄지요?
If the noun ends with a consonant + -이지요? :
말 -> 말이지요?

지요 can be abbreviated to 죠.
죄지요? -> 죄죠?
말이지요? -> 말이죠?

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