1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #60

Welcome back. This is the 60th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “비싸다, 이미, 사고, 당연하다, 최고” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 비싸다, 이미, 사고, 당연하다, 최고

 

296. 비싸다 [bi-ssa-da] – to be expensive

– 비싸다 [bi-ssa-da] means “to be expensive”, describing the cost or price of something as being high. The opposite of 비싸다 is 싸다 [ssa-da].
– 비싸게 굴다 [bi-ssa-ge gul-da] is an idiom meaning “to play hard to get”, describing the behavior of pretending to be uninterested or unavailable in order to make oneself more desirable.

Example sentences:

그 신발은 너무 비싸요. Those shoes are too expensive.
비싸게 굴지 마. Don’t play hard to get.

 

297. 이미 [i-mi] – already

– 이미 [i-mi] means “already”, indicating that something happened or was completed before the present time.

Example sentence:

이미 다 해 놨어요. I’ve already done everything.

 

298. 사고 [sa-go] – accident, incident

– 사고 [sa-go] refers to an “accident” or “incident” and describes an unexpected and often unfortunate event.

Example sentence:

사고가 일어났어요. An accident happened.

 

299. 당연하다 [dang-yeon-ha-da] – to be natural, obvious

– 당연하다 [dang-yeon-ha-da] means “to be natural” or “obvious”, indicating something that is expected or easily understood.

Example sentence:

당연한 일이에요. It’s a natural thing.

 

300. 최고 [choi-go] – the best, highest

– 최고 [choi-go] means “the best” or “highest”, describing the highest level of quality or performance.
– 최선 [choe-seon] means “best” or “utmost”, referring to the highest level of effort or performance.
– 최대 [choe-dae] means “maximum” or “greatest”, referring to the highest or largest amount possible.
– Here, 최 [hanja 最] is a prefix meaning “most, extremely, exceedingly”.

Example sentences:

그 영화는 최고예요. That movie is the best.
최선을 다해 노력해 봐요. Let’s try our best.
최대한 빨리 해 보세요. Please do it as soon as possible.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

In Korean, verb tenses and endings are used to indicate the temporal flow of a sentence. For example, the past tense suffix “-았/었-” and the present tense suffix “-아/어-” are used to express the past and present, respectively. These tenses play a crucial role in conveying the situation and temporal context of a sentence.

For example, let’s look at the sentence “사고가 일어났어요”. (An accident happened.) Here the phrase “일어났어요” uses the past tense ending “-았/었-” for the verb “일어나다” (to happen). This conveys the idea that an action has already happened in the past.

To take another example, consider the sentence “그 신발은 너무 비싸요”. (These shoes are too expensive.) Here the term “비싸요” uses the present tense ending “-아/어-” for the verb “비싸다” (to be expensive). This indicates the idea of doing one’s best at the present moment.

These verb tenses and endings are essential tools for clearly indicating the temporal context and actions within a sentence. The key point is that by using verb tenses and endings appropriately, you can accurately convey your intentions and the situation you are describing.

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