1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #61

Welcome back. This is the 61st post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “약, 척하다, 답, 수술, 찬성” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 약, 척하다, 답, 수술, 찬성

 

301. 약 [yak] – medicine, prescription drug / about, approximately

– 약 [yak] refers to “medicine” or “prescription drug”, indicating substances used to treat or prevent disease.
– As an adverb, 약 means “about” or “approximately”, indicating an estimated amount, time, or value.

Example sentences:

약을 먹어야 해요. You need to take medicine.
여기까지 오는데 약 2시간 걸렸어. It took about two hours to get here.

 

302. 척하다 [cheok-ha-da] – to pretend, to act as if

– 척하다 [cheok-ha-da] means “to pretend” or “to act as if” and describes the act of behaving in a way that is not genuine or true.

Example sentence:

저는 아무 일도 모르는 척 했어요. I pretended as if I didn’t know anything.

 

303. 답 [dap] – answer, solution

– 답 [dap] refers to an “answer” or “solution” to a question or problem.
– 답하다 [dap-ha-da] and 대답하다 [dae-dap-ha-da] both mean “to answer” or “to reply”, indicating the act of responding to a question or statement.

Example sentences:

이 문제의 답을 찾기 어려워요. It’s difficult to find a solution to this problem.
질문에 답해 주세요. Please answer the question.
메시지에 대답을 해 주세요. Please reply to the message.

 

304. 수술 [su-sul] – surgery, operation

– 수술 [su-sul] refers to “surgery” or “operation” and refers to medical procedures performed on the body for treatment or correction.
– 수술하다 [su-sul-ha-da] means “to operate” or “to correct”, describing the act of performing a surgical procedure.

Example sentences:

그의 수술이 성공적으로 끝났어요. His operation was successful.
수술하다 뭔가 잘못되면 어떡해? What happens if something goes wrong during the operation?

 

305. 찬성 [chan-seong] – agreement, consent

– 찬성 [chan-seong] refers to “agreement” or “consent” and indicates the act of agreeing with or approving of something.
– 찬성하다 [chan-seong-ha-da] means “to agree” or “to consent”, describing the act of expressing approval or agreement.

Example sentences:

나는 그 의견에 찬성도 반대도 하지 않아. I neither agree nor disagree with that opinion.
우리 팀은 이 제안에 찬성했어요. Our team agreed to this proposal.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

*Noun + 하다 : verb
Many Korean nouns that indicate or describe an action or behavior can be combined with 하다 to form verbs.
In some cases, nouns can become verbs simply by adding the verb 하다 (to do).

Here’s a summary of the four types of noun + 하다 combinations that make verbs in English:

Regular nouns: You can add 하다 to many common nouns to make verbs. For example, 공부 (study) becomes 공부하다 (to study).

Abstract nouns: Even abstract concepts can become verbs by adding 하다. For example, 이해 (understanding) becomes 이해하다 (to understand).

Action nouns: Nouns that represent actions or behaviors can also become verbs. For example, 준비 (preparation) becomes 준비하다 (to prepare).

State nouns: Nouns that describe certain states can also become verbs. For example, 행복 (happiness) becomes 행복하다 (to be happy).

In essence, adding 하다 to nouns is a common way of creating verbs in Korean that typically convey actions, behaviors, states or concepts. The range of nouns that can be combined with 하다 may vary depending on the context and usage.

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