1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #65

Welcome back. This is the 65th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “지내다, 챙기다, 축하하다, 재미, 물” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 지내다, 챙기다, 축하하다, 재미, 물

 

321. 지내다 [ji-nae-da] – to spend (time)

– 지내다 [ji-nae-da] means “to spend (time)” or “to stay”, indicating the action of using a certain amount of time for a certain purpose.

Example sentence:

주말에 가족과 함께 시간을 지내고 싶어요. I want to spend the weekend with my family.

 

322. 챙기다 [chaeng-gi-da] – to take care of, to prepare

– 챙기다 [chaeng-gi-da] means “to take care of” or “to prepare”, indicating the action of making necessary arrangements or ensuring that something is ready.

Example sentence:

여행 가기 전에 가방을 챙겼어요. I packed my bag before travelling.

 

323. 축하하다 [chuk-ha-ha-da] – to congratulate, to celebrate

– 축하하다 [chuk-ha-ha-da] means “to congratulate” or “to celebrate”, indicating the act of expressing joy and best wishes for someone’s success or special occasion.
– 축하 [chuk-ha] means “to congratulate” or “to celebrate”.

Example sentences:

생일 축하해요! Happy Birthday!
그 생일 축하 카드는 사흘 늦게 도착했어. The birthday card arrived three days late.

 

324. 재미 [jae-mi] – fun, enjoyment

– 재미 [jae-mi] means fun or enjoyment.
– 재미있다 [jae-mi-i-tta] means something is interesting or entertaining, 재미없다 [jae-mi-eop-tta] means something is boring or uninteresting.

Example sentence:

내가 너 놀려 먹는 재미도 없으면 뭔 재미로 사냐? What’s the point of living if I don’t have fun making fun of you?
파티에서 정말 재미있는 시간을 보냈어요. I had a really enjoyable time at the party.
이제 재미없다. Now it’s no fun.

 

325. 물 [mul] – water

– 물 [mul] simply means “water”.

Example sentence:

물 한 잔 주세요. Can I have a glass of water, please?

 

Grammar & Study Resources

N와/과, N (이)랑, N하고 = ‘and’

Here’s an explanation of the particles “와/과”, “(이)랑”, “하고” :

“와” [wa] is used after nouns without a final consonant, and “과” [gwa] is used after nouns with a final consonant to combine and list two items.
Both particles are often translated into English as “and”, “with”.
“와/과” is used more often in formal contexts and can be seen in more official situations.

Examples
사과와 바나나를 샀어요. I bought apples and bananas.
책과 연필이 필요해요. I need books and pencils.

“랑” [rang] is used after nouns without a final consonant, and “이랑” [i-rang] is used after nouns with a final consonant.
“(이)랑” is used in casual or colloquial speech to connect and list two items and conveys a more informal tone.
“(이)랑” is often used in everyday conversation or informal situations.
It translates as “and” and adds a sense of familiarity and comfort to the conversation.

Examples
친구랑 영화 보러 갈 거예요. I’m going to watch a film with a friend.
세 옷이랑 모자를 사고 싶어요. I want to buy some new clothes and a hat.

“하고” [ha-go] can also be used as a conjunction in Korean, acting as a list particle to convey the meaning of “and”. It’s a relatively neutral and versatile expression that can be used in different contexts. “하고 is particularly common when making lists of two or more items to indicate a connection between them.

Examples
커피하고 케이크를 주문했어요. I ordered coffee and cake.
새 친구하고 재미있는 시간을 보냈어요. I had a good time with my new friend.

These particles are used depending on the context and situation, and help to convey the tone and atmosphere of the language.

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