1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #71

Welcome back. This is the 71st post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “동네, 괜히, 선배, 역시, 대하다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 동네, 괜히, 선배, 역시, 대하다

 

351. 동네 [dong-ne] – neighborhood, hometown

– 동네 [dong-ne] refers to “neighborhood” or “hometown”, which includes the local area where you live.

Example sentence:

우리 동네에 새로운 상점이 열렸어요. A new shop has opened in our neighborhood.

 

352. 괜히 [gwaen-hi] – for no reason, in vain

– 괜히 [gwaen-hi] means “for no reason” or “in vain”, implying an action taken without purpose or result.

Example sentence:

괜히 걱정하지 마세요. Don’t worry for no reason.

 

353. 선배 [seon-bae] – senior, superior

– 선배 [seon-bae] means “senior” or “superior”, usually someone with more experience or higher status. The opposite of 선배 is 후배 [hu-bae].

Example sentence:

선배가 도와줄 수 있을 거예요. Senior can help.

 

354. 역시 [yeok-si] – also, likewise

– 역시 [yeok-si] translates as “also” or “likewise” and emphasizes a similar quality or action.

Example sentence:

그녀 역시 이해하지 못했어요. She didn’t understand either.

 

355. 대하다 [dae-ha-da] – to treat, to handle

– 대하다 [dae-ha-da] means “to treat” or “to handle”, and includes how one interacts or deals with a situation or person.

Example sentence:

사람들을 친절하게 대해야 해요. You should treat people kindly.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

Verb stem + -아/어야 하다/되다:
When verbs ending with the vowel ㅏ or ㅗ + 아야 되다/하다 and verbs ending with a vowel other thanㅏ or ㅗ + 어야 되다/하다 are used.

Verb stem + -아/어야 하다:
This pattern is used to express that something “should” or “must” be done. The verb stem is combined with “아/어야 하다” to indicate the necessity of doing the action.

Example:
먹어야 해요. I need to eat.
학교에 가야 해요. I have to go to school.

Verb stem + -아/어야 되다:
This is a similar pattern to the one above. The difference is in the choice of the verb “되다”, which means “to become” or “to be”. This pattern is also used to express necessity.

For example:
공부해야 돼요. I have to study.
이 책을 읽어야 돼요. You must read this book.

These patterns are often used to indicate that an action is required out of obligation or necessity. They are essential for conveying the idea that something is obligatory or necessary in various contexts.
By using this grammatical pattern, you’ll be able to express obligations and necessities in Korean sentences accurately and effectively.

Leave a Comment