1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #73

Welcome back. This is the 73rd post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “다행, 사다, 가장, 어렵다, 참다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.


Basic Korean words : 다행, 사다, 가장, 어렵다, 참다


361. 다행 [da-haeng] – good fortune, luck

– 다행 [da-haeng] means “good fortune, luck”, and the opposite is “불행” [bul-haeng] (unhappiness, misfortune).
– 다행히 [da-haeng-hi] is its adverb form and means “fortunately” or “luckily”, expressing relief or gratitude for a favorable outcome.

Example sentences:

다행히도 비가 그쳤어요. Fortunately, the rain stopped.


362. 사다 [sa-da] – to buy

– 사다 [sa-da] means “to buy” and denotes the action of acquiring goods or objects.

Example sentences:

새로운 옷을 사려고 합니다. I’m going to buy some new clothes.


363. 가장 [ga-jang] – most, the best

– 가장 [ga-jang] denotes “the most” or “the best”, emphasizing the highest level or quality.

Example sentences:

그 도시는 가장 아름다웠어요. That city was the most beautiful.


364. 어렵다 [eo-ryeop-tta] – to be difficult

– 어렵다 [eo-ryeop-tta] means “to be difficult” and describes tasks or situations that require effort to overcome. The opposite of 어렵다 is 쉽다 [swip-tta] (to be easy).

Example sentences:

이 문제는 정말 어려워요. This problem is really difficult.


365. 참다 [cham-da] – to endure, to bear

참다 [cham-da] and 견디다 [gyeon-di-da] means “to endure” or “to bear”, highlighting the strength to withstand challenges.

Example sentences:

어려운 시기를 참아냈어요. I endured through tough times.
어려운 시험을 견뎌냈어요. I passed the difficult test.


Grammar & Study Resources

다행히 [da-haeng-hi] is an adverb and the conjugation 히 (hi) is used to form adjectives into adverbs.
If you want to learn how to make adverbs in Korean, you can visit the website below.

Korean adverbs – Words that describe verbs and adjectives

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