1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #80

Welcome back. This is the 80th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “따르다, 방금, 하지만, 자신, 전하다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 따르다, 방금, 하지만, 자신, 전하다

 

396. 따르다 [tta-reu-da] – to follow, to obey

– 따르다 [tta-reu-da] means “to follow” or “to obey”. It’s about following someone or following instructions or rules.
– There are related words like 따라가다 [tta-ra-ga-da] meaning “to follow, to go after”, 따라오다 [tta-ra-o-da] meaning “to follow, to come after”.
– 따라잡다 [tta-ra-jap-da] means “to catch up with, to overtake” and 따라다니다 [tta-ra-da-ni-da] means “to follow, to accompany”.

Example sentences:

규칙을 따라야 해요. You have to follow the rules.
그녀를 따라갔어요. I followed her.
내 뒤를 따라와요. Follow me from behind.
그의 뒤를 따라잡기 위해 뛰어갔어요. I ran to catch up with him.
항상 친구를 따라다니면서 놀았어요. I always hung out with my friend.

 

397. 방금 [bang-geum] – just now, a moment ago

– 방금 [bang-geum] means “just now” or “a moment ago”. It’s used to talk about a recent event or occurrence.

Example sentences:

방금 그 방에서 나왔어요. I just came out of that room.

 

398. 하지만 [ha-ji-man] – but, however

– 하지만 [ha-ji-man] is used to introduce a contrast or contradiction. It’s similar to ‘but’ or ‘however’ in English.
– You can also use ‘~지만’ at the end of a sentence to convey the same meaning.

Example sentences:

나는 고양이를 좋아해요. 하지만 알러지가 있어요. I like cats. But I have allergies.
그는 능력이 있지만 조금 거만해요. He has the ability, but he’s a bit arrogant.

 

399. 자신 [ja-shin] – oneself

– 자신 [ja-shin] refers to “oneself”. It’s about believing in and valuing your own abilities and identity.

Example sentences:

자신을 믿어야 해요. You need to believe in yourself.

 

400. 전하다 [jeon-ha-da] – to convey, to communicate

– 전하다 [jeon-ha-da] means to “convey” or “communicate” something. It’s about giving someone a message or information.
– You’ll also find related terms such as 전달 [jeon-dal], which means “transmission, delivery”.

Example sentences:

그의 생각을 제대로 전하지 못했어요. I didn’t convey his thoughts properly.
정보를 전달하는 방법을 찾아야 해요. We need to find a way to get the information across.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

You can learn the common Korean conjunctions and sentence connectors that Koreans use every day in the following page.

Korean Conjunctions: Basic Sentence Connectors

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