1000 Korean words for everyday use – Basic vocabulary from K-dramas #9

Welcome back. This is the 9th post in the series of 1000 Korean words for everyday use by analyzing the word frequency of more than 1,000 episodes of Korean dramas.

Today, let’s explore the meaning and context of 5 key Korean words “먹다, 때, 않다, 살다, 죽다” with sample sentences.
Click the play button below to listen to all the words and sample sentences in this post.

 

Basic Korean words : 먹다, 때, 않다, 살다, 죽다

 

41. 먹다 [meok-tta] – to eat

– 먹다 [meok-tta] means “to eat”.
– 드시다 [deu-si-da] is a polite form of “먹다”.
– 잡수시다 [jab-su-si-da] is a polite form of “먹다” and refers to the polite consumption of food or drink.
– 처먹다 [cheo-meok-tta] means “to eat untidily” or “to eat sloppily”.

Example sentences:

배고파서 뭐 먹을까 고민 중이야. I’m hungry, and I’m thinking about what to eat.
드세요. Please eat.
저녁 잡수세요. Have dinner, please.
너 왜 이렇게 처먹어? Why do you eat so messy?

 

42. 때 [ddae] – when, time / dirt

– 때 [ddae] can mean “when” or “time”, referring to a specific point in time.
– It can also mean “dirt” in a different context.

Example sentences:

그때 어떻게 해야 돼? What should I do then?
신발에 때가 묻었어요. There’s dirt on your shoes.
이때가 제일 바빠. This is the busiest time.
그때 정말 어려웠어. It was really hard back then.
저 때는 내가 어릴 때였어. I was young then.

 

43. 않다 [an-ta] – not to do, not to be

– 않다 [an-ta] is used to indicate “not doing” or “not being.”

Example sentences:

무섭지 않냐? Isn’t that scary?
사랑이란 길지가 않더라. 영원하지도 않더라. Love does not last long. It doesn’t last forever.

 

44. 살다 [sal-da] – to live

– 살다 [sal-da] means “to live”. It refers to the state of being alive or existing.
– 살리다 [sal-li-da] means “to save” or “to rescue”. It refers to the action of saving or rescuing someone or something.
– 삶 [sam] means “life”. The word “삶” is a noun derived from the verb “살다”. The addition of “ㅁ” to the verb stem of “살다” changes it to a noun form.

Example sentences:

행복하게 살아. Live happily.
너무 늦기 전에 이 환자를 살리게 해줘요. Let me save this patient before it’s too late.
삶은 짧고 소중해. Life is short and precious.

 

45. 죽다 [juk-tta] – to die

– 죽다 [juk-tta] means “to die”.
– 뒈지다 [dwii-ji-da] is a slang term for “to die” or “to pass away”.
– 돌아가시다 [dol-a-ga-si-da] is a polite form of “죽다” and can also mean “to go back”.

Example sentences:

모든 생명은 언젠가는 죽어. All living things will die one day.
그 사람은 얼마 전에 뒈졌어. He passed away recently.
할아버지께서 돌아가셨어요. My grandfather has died.

 

Grammar & Study Resources

Adjective stem + ~게 [ge] turns an adjective into an adverb. In English it means ‘….-ly’ or ‘in a …. way’.

Examples:
1) 행복하게 : 행복하다 (to be happy) + 게 = 행복하게
– 행복하게 살아. Live happily.
2) 아름답게 : 아름답다 (to be beautiful) + 게 = 아름답게
– 그 공원은 아름답게 꾸며져 있다. This park is beautifully decorated.
– 그림이 아름답게 그려져 있어. The picture is beautifully drawn.
3) 빠르게 : 빠르다 (to be quick) + 게 = 빠르게 = 빨리
– 빨리 달려! Run fast!
– 좀 더 빨리 생각해 봐. Think a little faster.
4) 조용하게 : 조용하다 (to be quiet) + 게 = 조용하게
– 그 방은 항상 조용하게 유지되어야 해. This room should always be kept quiet.
– 조용하게 좀 있어. Be quiet for a moment.

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