Learn Korean with BLACKPINK #26 – 색깔, 색, 파랗다, 빨갛다, 붉다, 하얗다, 까맣다

Korean words related to color : 색깔, 색, 파랗다, 빨갛다, 붉다, 하얗다, 까맣다


Let’s learn Korean words related to color with BLACKPINK lyrics.
Click the play button below to listen to all the BLACKPINK lyrics used in this post.


색깔 [sae-kkkal] color

네 심장의 색깔을 보여줘
ne sim-jang-ui saek-kka-reul bo-yeo-jwo
Show me the color of your heart

*네(너(I) + 의(of), =네) +
심장(heart) + 의(of) +
색깔(color) + 을(object particle) +
보여줘(보다(see) + ~어주다(do for))
(*Verb stem +~아/어/해 주다 indicates that something is being done for someone.)


[saek] color

밤새 비워낸 병의 색은 BLUE
bam-sae bi-wo-naen byeong-ui sae-geun BLUE
The color of the bottle I emptied overnight is BLUE

*밤새(overnight) +
비워낸(비우다(empty) + ~어 내다 + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
병(bottle) + 의(of) +
색(color) + 은(topic particle) +
(*색깔 and 색 are the most common words for color and are almost the same.
Verb stem + ~아/어 내다 is used to say that the action is finished.)


파랗다 [pa-ra-ta] to be blue
파란 [pa-ran] blue [adjective]
파랗게 [pa-ra-ke] blue [adverb]

난 파란 나비처럼 날아가
nan pa-ran na-bi-cheo-reom na-ra-ga
I fly away like a blue butterfly

*난(나(I) + 는(topic particle), =난) +
파란(blue) +
나비(butterfly) + 처럼(like) +


빨갛다 [ppal-ga-ta] to be red
빨간 [ppal-gan] red [adjective]
빨갛게 [ppal-ga-ke] red [adverb]

사랑이란 빨간 불씨
sa-rang-i-ran ppal-gan bul-ssi
Love is a red flame

*사랑(love) + 이란(이다(be) + ~라는(known as), =이란) +
빨간(red) +


붉다 [bul-tta] to be red
붉은 [bul-geun] red [adverb]
붉게 [bul-kke] red [adjective]

붉은 Sunset 아래 너는 지금 내 옆에
bul-geun Sunset a-rae neo-neun ji-geum nae yeo-pe
Under the red sunset, you are by my side

*붉은(red) +
Sunset +
아래(under) +
너(you) + 는(topic particle) +
지금(now) +
내(나(I) + 의(of), =내) +
옆(side) + 에(by)


하얗다 [ha-ya-ta] to be white
하얀 [ha-yan] white [adjective]
하얗게 [ha-ya-ke] white [adverb]

머리를 하얗게 비운 채 시끄런 감정은 태울래
meo-ri-reul ha-ya-ke bi-un chae si-kkeu-reon gam-jeong-eun tae-ul-lae
I’ll burn the loud emotions with my head white and empty
[I empty my head completely and burn the loud emotions]

*머리(head) + 를(object particle) +
하얗게(white) +
비운 채(비우다(empty) + ~ㄴ 채) +
시끄런(시끄럽다(be loud) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
감정(feeling) + 은(topic particle) +
태울래(태우다(burn) + ~ㄹ래(would like to))
(*Adjective stem + ~게 makes an adjective into an adverb.
~ㄴ/은 채 is used to indicate that the state of the clause it describes continues until the action in the next clause.
~ㄹ/을래(요) can be used to indicate that the speaker wants to do something.)


까맣다 [kka-ma-ta] to be black
까만 [kka-man] black [adjective]
까맣게 [kka-ma-ke] black [adverb]

새까만 핑크빛 왕관
sae-kka-man ping-keu-bit wang-gwan
Jet black and pink crown

*새까만(jet black) +
핑크(pink) + 빛(light, color) +
(*빛[빛깔] can also mean color after an adjective describing color.)


Grammar Reference

*Noun + ~의 : of
ex) 네 : 너(you) + 의(of)
심장의 : 심장(heart) + 의(of)
병의 : 병(bottle) + 의(of)

*Noun + ~처럼/같이 : like, same
ex) 나비처럼 : 나비(butterfly) + 처럼(like)


*Present tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해요
*Past tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~았/었/했어요
*Future tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~(으)ㄹ 거예요 / ~ㄹ 게요/ ~겠어요
The basic way to get the verb/adjective stem is to remove 다 from the verb/adjective.
If there is a vowel ㅏ or ㅗ on the final syllable of the adjective/verb stem, 아요(present tense), 았어요(past tense), 을 거예요(future tense) is used.
If there is a vowel other than ㅏ or ㅗ on the final syllable of the adjective/verb, 어요(present tense), 었어요(past tense), ㄹ 거예요(future tense) is used.
Also, if there is 하다 in the adjective/verb, 하다 changes to 해요(present tense), 했어요(past tense), 할 거예요(future tense).

Below you can see the conjugation of 파랗다, 빨갛다, 붉다, 하얗다, 까맣다 by tenses.

Present tense Past tense Future tense
파랗다 파래요 파랬어요 파랄 거예요
빨갛다 빨개요 빨갰어요 빨갈 거예요
붉다 붉어요 붉었어요 붉을 거예요
하얗다 하얘요 하얬어요 하얄 거예요
까맣다 까매요 까맸어요 까말 거예요


*Speech levels

The three most commonly used Korean speech levels are 합쇼체 (formal polite), 해요체 (informal polite) and 해체 (informal plain).
*The formal polite style : Adjective/verb stem + ~(스)ㅂ니다
~(스)ㅂ니다 is used more in formal or public situations including the military, news, reporting presentations, meetings and lectures. It’s mainly used to address large gatherings or people you don’t know personally.
*The informal polite style : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해요
~아/어/해요 is most commonly used in everyday life. Compared to the formal polite style, the informal polite style is softer and less formal, so it is mainly used among family members, friends, shopkeepers and other close acquaintances.
*The informal plain style : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해
As for the informal plain style ~아/어/해, it is mainly used among friends from superiors to people of lower rank and among family members.

Below you can see the conjugation of 파랗다, 빨갛다, 붉다, 하얗다, 까맣다 by speech levels.

Formal polite Informal polite Informal plain
파랗다 파랗습니다 파래요 파래
빨갛다 빨갛습니다 빨개요 빨개
붉다 붉습니다 붉어요 붉어
하얗다 하얗습니다 하얘요 하얘
까맣다 까맣습니다 까매요 까매


If you want to learn more about colors in Korean, you can visit the following website.
Colors in Korean: Complete list with audio and usage examples

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