Learn Korean with BLACKPINK #34 – 엄마, 아빠, 부모님, 할머니, 할아버지, 오빠, 언니, 동생, 형, 누나

Korean Family Terms : 엄마, 아빠, 부모님, 할머니, 할아버지, 오빠, 언니, 동생, 형, 누나

 

Let’s learn Korean family terms with BLACKPINK lyrics.
Click the play button below to listen to all the BLACKPINK lyrics used in this post.

 

엄마 [eom-ma] mon

이게 약인지 독인지 우리 엄마도 몰라
i-ge ya-gin-ji do-gin-ji u-ri eom-ma-do mol-la
Even my mom doesn’t know whether it’s medicine or poison

*이게(이(this) + 것(thing) + 이(subject particle), =이게) +
약인지(약(medicine) + ~인지) +
독인지(독(poison) + ~인지) +
우리(our) +
엄마(mom) + 도(even) +
몰라(don’t know)
(*~인지, ~는지, ~한지 connects two phrases with an uncertain guess, a question or a doubt.)

 

아빠 [a-ppa] dad

‪아빠께 여쭤봤던 것 같아요‬
‪a-ppa-kke yeo-jjwo-bwat-deon geot ga-ta-yo‬
I think I asked my dad‬

*아빠께(아빠(dad) + 께(to, =에게)) +
여쭤봤던(여쭤보다(ask) + 었던(noun modifier for past tense)) +
것(thing) +
같아요(I think)
(*In Korean, honorifics come in many forms, including nouns, verbs, pronouns, particles, and family/job titles. ‘Noun + ~께’ is the honorific form of ‘Noun + ~에게/한테’.
Verb stem + ~던 is used to recall a past action or habit that has been repeated often or is still present.
Verb stem + ~았/었던 is used to recall a past event that has not continued into the present
것 같다 is used to express predictions when something seems to be like in a way that might happen, might have happened, or will happen in the future.)

 

부모님 [bu-mo-nim] parents
할머니 [hal-meo-ni] grandmother
할아버지 [ha-ra-beo-ji] grandfather
오빠 [o-ppa] older brother(used by females)
언니 [eon-ni] older sister(used by females)

저는 부모님이랑‬ ‪언니 오빠랑 할머니, 할아버지랑‬ ‪같이 살았어요‬
jeo-neun bu-mo-ni-mi-rang‬ ‪eon-ni o-ppa-rang hal-meo-ni, ha-ra-beo-ji-rang‬ ‪ga-chi sa-ra-sseo-yo‬
I lived with my parents, sister, brother, grandmother and grandfather

*저(I) + 는(topic particle) +
부모(parents) + 님(a suffix meaning honorable) + 이랑(with) +
언니(older sister) +
오빠(older brother) + 랑(with) +
할머니(grandmother) +
할아버지(grandfather) + 랑(with) +
같이(together) +
살았어요(살다(live) + 았어요(past tense)
(*나 and 저 both mean ‘I’ or ‘me’. 저 is a modest way of saying 나.
In Korean, honorifics are used when addressing or talking about seniors or elders (grandparents, parents, teachers, bosses, etc.) to show respect and politeness. Just as 부모(parent) is followed by 님(a suffix meaning honorable) to become 부모님, the suffix 님 is used after some nouns such as family and job titles.
To make a verb past tense, you must first remove 다 from the infinitive form of the verb, which gives you the verb stem. Then you must add the correct past tense ending to the verb to make it past tense.
If the last vowel in a verb stem is ㅏ or ㅗ, add 았다 or 았어 or 았어요.
If the last vowel in a verb stem is NOT ㅏ or ㅗ, add 었다 or 었어 or 었어요.
Also, if a verb ends in 하다, change the 하다 to 했다 or 했어 or 했어요 to make it past tense.)

 

동생 [dong-saeng] younger sibling
[hyeong] older brother(used by males)
누나 [nu-na] older sister(used by males)

저는 사실 매일 보다 보니까‬ ‪친근하고 동생 같고 이런데‬
jeo-neun sa-sil mae-il bo-da bo-ni-kka‬ ‪chin-geu-na-go dong-saeng gat-go i-reon-de‬
Since I see her every day, she’s friendly and like a younger sibling to me

*저(I) + 는(topic particle) +
사실(actually) +
매일(everyday) +
보다(see) +
보니까(since) +
친근하고(친근하다(be friendly) + ~고(and)) +
동생(younger brother) +
같고(같다(be same) + ~고(and)) +
이런데(like this)

 

Grammar Reference

The most common Korean particles are listed below.
Subject particle: 이 / 가
Topic particle: 은 / 는
Object particle: 을 / 를
이, 은, 을 for nouns ending with a consonant, 가, 는, 를 for nouns ending with a vowel.

이/가 은/는 을/를
엄마 엄마가 엄마는 엄마를
아빠 아빠가 아빠는 아빠를
부모님 부모님이 부모님은 부모님을
할머니 할머니가 할머니는 할머니를
할아버지 할아버지가 할아버지는 할아버지를
오빠 오빠가 오빠는 오빠를
언니 언니가 언니는 언니를
동생 동생이 동생은 동생을
형이 형은 형을
누나 누나가 누나는 누나를

 

If you want to learn more about Korean honorifics, you can learn Korean honorifics at the following website.
Korean Honorifics: Important Titles, Words, & Phrases

BLACKPINK music video to enjoy

불장난 (PLAYING WITH FIRE)

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the 불장난 (PLAYING WITH FIRE) music video above and see if you can hear “이게 약인지 독인지 우리 엄마도 몰라”, which you learned today.

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