Learn Korean with BLACKPINK #40 – 아픔, 아프다, 상처, 슬프다

Korean words for pain, wound, sadness : 아픔, 아프다, 상처, 슬프다

 

Let’s learn Korean words for pain, wound, sadness with BLACKPINK lyrics.
Click the play button below to listen to all the BLACKPINK lyrics used in this post.

 

아픔 [a-peum] pain

이 아픔 없인 난 아무 의미가 없어
i a-peum eop-sin nan a-mu ui-mi-ga eop-seo
I’m nothing without this pain

*이(this) +
아픔(pain) + 없인(without) +
난(나(I) + 는(topic particle), =난) +
아무(any/no) +
의미(meaning) + 가(subject particle) +
없어(there isn’t)

 

아프다 [a-peu-da] to be sick, to be hurt
아픈 [a-peun] sick
상처 [sang-cheo] wound, scar, hurt

For you 난 아파도 좋아. 함께하는 동안 너에게 상처만 남겨준 나니까
For you nan a-pa-do jo-a. ham-kke-ha-neun dong-an neo-e-ge sang-cheo-man nam-gyeo-jun na-ni-kka
For you, I’m okay with being hurt. Cause when we were together, all I did was scar you

*For you +
난(나(I) + 는(topic particle), =난) +
아파도(아프다(be sick + 아/어도(even if)) +
좋아(be okay) +
함께하는(함께(together) + 하다(do) + 는(noun modifier)) +
동안(during) +
너(you) + 에게(to) +
상처(wound) + 만(only) +
남겨준(남겨주다(leave) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
나(I) + 니까(because)

 

슬프다 [seul-peu-da] to be sad
슬픈 [seul-peun] sad

널 닮은 듯한 슬픈 멜로디
neol dal-meun deu-tan seul-peun mel-lo-di
A sad melody that resembles you

*널(너(you)+ 를(object particle), =널) +
닮은 듯한(닮다(resemble) + ~은 듯하다 + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
슬픈(sad) +
멜로디(melody)
(*~은/는 듯하다 is an expression used to guess the content of the preceding statement.)

 

Grammar Reference

The most common Korean particles are listed below.
Subject particle: 이 / 가
Topic particle: 은 / 는
Object particle: 을 / 를
이, 은, 을 for nouns ending with a consonant, 가, 는, 를 for nouns ending with a vowel.

이/가 은/는 을/를
아픔 아픔이 아픔은 아픔을
상처 상처가 상처는 상처를

 

*Tense

*Present tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해요
*Past tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~았/었/했어요
*Future tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~(으)ㄹ 거예요 / ~ㄹ 게요/ ~겠어요
The basic way to get the verb/adjective stem is to remove 다 from the verb/adjective.
If there is a vowel ㅏ or ㅗ on the final syllable of the adjective/verb stem, 아요(present tense), 았어요(past tense), 을 거예요(future tense) is used.
If there is a vowel other than ㅏ or ㅗ on the final syllable of the adjective/verb, 어요(present tense), 었어요(past tense), ㄹ 거예요(future tense) is used.
Also, if there is 하다 in the adjective/verb, 하다 changes to 해요(present tense), 했어요(past tense), 할 거예요(future tense).

Below you can see the conjugation of 아프다, 슬프다 by tenses.

Present tense Past tense Future tense
아프다 아파요 아팠어요 아플 거예요
슬프다 슬퍼요 슬펐어요 슬플 거예요

 

*Speech levels

The three most commonly used Korean speech levels are 합쇼체 (formal polite), 해요체 (informal polite) and 해체 (informal plain).
*The formal polite style : Adjective/verb stem + ~(스)ㅂ니다
~(스)ㅂ니다 is used more in formal or public situations including the military, news, reporting presentations, meetings and lectures. It’s mainly used to address large gatherings or people you don’t know personally.
*The informal polite style : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해요
~아/어/해요 is most commonly used in everyday life. Compared to the formal polite style, the informal polite style is softer and less formal, so it is mainly used among family members, friends, shopkeepers and other close acquaintances.
*The informal plain style : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해
As for the informal plain style ~아/어/해, it is mainly used among friends from superiors to people of lower rank and among family members.

Below you can see the conjugation of 아프다, 슬프다 by speech levels.

Formal polite Informal polite Informal plain
아프다 아픕니다 아파요 아파
슬프다 슬픕니다 슬퍼요 슬퍼

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