Learn Korean with BLACKPINK #42 – 행복하다, 기쁘다, 설레다, 떨리다, 그립다

Korean words for happy, glad, flutter, tremble, miss : 행복하다, 기쁘다, 설레다, 떨리다, 그립다

 

Let’s learn Korean words for happy, glad, flutter, tremble, miss with BLACKPINK lyrics.
Click the play button below to listen to all the BLACKPINK lyrics used in this post.

 

행복 [haeng-bok] happiness
행복하다 [haeng-bok-ha-da] to be happy

이 아픔이 난 행복해
i a-peu-mi nan haeng-bo-kae
I’m happy with this pain

*이(this) +
아픔(pain) + 이(subject particle) +
난(나(I) + 는(topic particle), =난) +
행복(happiness) + 해(do)
(*In some cases, nouns can be turned into verbs by simply adding the verb 하다 (to do, to be).
하다 [hada] (to do) is the dictionary form and there are several conjugations of 하다 in Korean.
1)해라[haera] 2)해[hae] 3)해요[haeyo] 4)하십시오[hasipsio]
해요, 해 are informal and are usually used in everyday conversation.
The politeness level is 1 < 2 < 3 < 4.
해요, 해 can both be used as imperative or declarative depending on the context.)

 

기쁘다 [gi-ppeu-da] to be glad, to be delighted

네 영혼과 모든 것이 날 황홀하게 해. 기뻐 웃게 해
ne yeong-hon-gwa mo-deun geo-si nal hwang-hol-ha-ge hae. gi-ppeo ut-ge hae
Your spirit and everything about you makes me ecstatic, makes me laugh with joy

*네(너(you) + 의(of), =네) +
영혼(spirit) + 과(and) +
모든(every) +
것(thing) + 이(subject particle) +
날(나(I) + 를(object particle), =날) +
황홀하게 해(황홀하다(be ecstatic) + ~게 하다(make, let)) +
기뻐(with joy) +
웃게 해(웃다(laugh) + ~게 하다(make, let)) +
(*Adjective stem + ~게 makes an adjective into an adverb.)

 

설레다 [seol-le-da] to flutter, to beat high

그 소리가 지금 나를 이렇게 설레게 해
geu so-ri-ga ji-geum na-reul i-reo-ke seol-le-ge hae
That sound now makes my heart flutter

*그(that) +
소리(sound) + 가(subject particle) +
지금(now) +
나(I) + 를(object particle) +
이렇게 (like this) +
설레게 해(설레다(excite) + ~게 하다(make, let))
(*Adjective stem + ~게 makes an adjective into an adverb.)

 

떨리다 [tteol-li-da] to tremble, to be nervous

너무 떨려!‬
neo-mu tteol-lyeo!‬
I’m so nervous!

*너무(too) +
떨려(be nervous)
(*The words 떨리다 and 떨다 are synonymous in the sense that a body or object trembles because of something like cold or wind.
떨리다 is the passive voice of 떨다. 떨다 can be used as either an intransitive or transitive verb, and 떨리다 is a transitive verb.
A transitive verb is a type of verb that needs an object to make complete sense of the subject’s action.
An intransitive verb is a verb that does not necessarily need an object to make sense of the subject’s action in a sentence or context.)

 

그립다 [geu-rip-tta] to miss

사실 어떨 때는‬ ‪연습생 시절이 그리워요‬
sa-sil eo-tteol ttae-neun‬ ‪yeon-seup-saeng si-jeo-ri geu-ri-wo-yo‬
Actually, I sometimes miss my time as a trainee

*사실(actually) +
어떨(어떻다(be (how), be in (what state)) + ㄹ(noun modifier))
때(time) + 는(topic particle) +
연습생(trainee) +
시절(days) + 이(subject particle) +
그리워요(miss)
(*This sentence has no subject.
It’s important to note that while English sentences require a subject, Korean sentences often omit the subject.
The omitted subject can be identified in the context of the dialogue or writing.)

 

Grammar Reference

*Noun + ~와/과 : with, and
ex)영혼과 모든 것 : 영혼(spirit) + 과(and) + 모든(every) + 것(thing)
과 for nouns ending in a consonant, 와 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Tense

*Present tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해요
*Past tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~았/었/했어요
*Future tense : Adjective/verb stem + ~(으)ㄹ 거예요 / ~ㄹ 게요/ ~겠어요
The basic way to get the verb/adjective stem is to remove 다 from the verb/adjective.
If there is a vowel ㅏ or ㅗ on the final syllable of the adjective/verb stem, 아요(present tense), 았어요(past tense), 을 거예요(future tense) is used.
If there is a vowel other than ㅏ or ㅗ on the final syllable of the adjective/verb, 어요(present tense), 었어요(past tense), ㄹ 거예요(future tense) is used.
Also, if there is 하다 in the adjective/verb, 하다 changes to 해요(present tense), 했어요(past tense), 할 거예요(future tense).

Below you can see the conjugation of 행복하다, 기쁘다, 설레다, 떨리다, 그립다 by tenses.

Present tense Past tense Future tense
행복하다 행복해요 행복했어요 행복할 거예요
기쁘다 기뻐요 기뻤어요 기쁠 거예요
설레다 설레요 설렜어요 설렐 거예요
떨리다 떨려요 떨렸어요 떨릴 거예요
그립다 그리워요 그리웠어요 그리울 거예요

 

*Speech levels

The three most commonly used Korean speech levels are 합쇼체 (formal polite), 해요체 (informal polite) and 해체 (informal plain).
*The formal polite style : Adjective/verb stem + ~(스)ㅂ니다
~(스)ㅂ니다 is used more in formal or public situations including the military, news, reporting presentations, meetings and lectures. It’s mainly used to address large gatherings or people you don’t know personally.
*The informal polite style : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해요
~아/어/해요 is most commonly used in everyday life. Compared to the formal polite style, the informal polite style is softer and less formal, so it is mainly used among family members, friends, shopkeepers and other close acquaintances.
*The informal plain style : Adjective/verb stem + ~아/어/해
As for the informal plain style ~아/어/해, it is mainly used among friends from superiors to people of lower rank and among family members.

Below you can see the conjugation of 행복하다, 기쁘다, 설레다, 떨리다, 그립다 by speech levels.

Formal polite Informal polite Informal plain
행복하다 행복합니다 행복해요 행복해
기쁘다 기쁩니다 기뻐요 기뻐
설레다 설렙니다 설레요 설레
떨리다 떨립니다 떨려요 떨려
그립다 그립습니다 그리워요 그리워

 

BLACKPINK music video to enjoy

Lovesick Girls music video

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the Lovesick Girls music video above and see if you can hear “이 아픔이 난 행복해”, which you learned today.

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