Learn Korean with BTS #14 – 평생, 포기하다, 표정, 푸르다, 피, 필요

Basic Korean words beginning with the consonant ㅍ([pi-eup], [p] sound)


Let’s learn Korean words 평생, 포기하다, 표정, 푸르다, 피, 필요 with BTS lyrics.
Click on the image below to listen to all the BTS lyrics used in this post.

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평생 [pyeong-saeng] one’s whole life, lifetime


ⒷⓉⓈ 평생 물어온 질문
pyeong-saeng mu-reo-on jil-mun
The question I had my whole life

*평생(throughout life) +
물어온(물어오다(ask) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +


포기하다 [po-gi-ha-da] to give up


ⒷⓉⓈ 나 포기 안 할게
na po-gi an hal-gge
I won’t give up

*나(I) +
포기(give up) +
안(not) + 할게(will do)
(*Adding ‘~겠다/ㄹ 게/ㄹ 거야/을 거야/ ㄹ 거에요’ to the stem of a verb or an adjective makes it future tense.)


표정 [pyo-jeong] expression, look, face


ⒷⓉⓈ 차가워진 니 표정
cha-ga-wo-jin ni pyo-jeong
Your expression became cold

*차가워진(차가워지다(become cold) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
니(너(you) + 의(of) = 네 = 니) +


푸르다 [pu-reu-da] to be blue


ⒷⓉⓈ 자 떠나자 푸른 바다로
ja tteo-na-ja pu-reun ba-da-ro
Now let’s go to the blue sea

*자(okay, now)+
떠나자 (떠나다(leave, go) + ~자(let’s)) +
푸른(푸르다(to be blue) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
바다(sea) + 로(to)
(*You can use 자 at the beginning of a sentence to indicate that you want to start talking about something else or doing something else.)


[pi] blood


ⒷⓉⓈ 피 땀 눈물
pi ttam nun-mul
Blood, sweat and tears

*피(blood) +
땀(sweat) +


필요 [pi-ryo] need


ⒷⓉⓈ 좋아요는 난 필요 없어
jo-a-yo-neun nan pi-ryo eop-sseo
I don’t need a Like

*좋아요(Like) + 는(topic particle) +
난(나(I) + 는(topic particle)) +
필요(need) +
없어(don’t have)
(*At the end of the sentence, 있다 means to exist or to have. Its opposite, 없다, means don’t exist or don’t have.)


Grammar Reference

*안 + verb : don’t
ex)안 할게 : 안(not) + 할게(will do)
못/안 are used in the negative expression. 못 + verb = can’t, 안 + verb = don’t

*Verb stem + ~자 : let’s, shall we
ex)떠나자 : 떠나다(leave, go) + ~자(let’s)
Verb + ㅂ/읍시다 : more formal expression than ~자

*Noun + ~(으)로 : to, into, with
ex)바다로 : 바다(sea) + 로(to)
으로 for nouns ending in a consonant, 로 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~은/는 : noun + topic particle
ex)난 : 나(I) + 는(topic particle)
은 for nouns ending in a consonant, 는 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Adjective[verb] stem + ㄴ/은/는/을 + noun : noun that adjective[verb]
ex)물어온 질문 : 물어온(물어오다(ask) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) + 질문(question)
차가워진 표정 : 차가워진(차가워지다(become cold) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) + 표정(expression)
푸른 바다 : 푸른(푸르다(to be blue) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) + 바다(sea)
ㄴ/은/는/을 is added to verbs and adjectives to allow them to function as noun modifiers


Quiz. Linking words to images

Korean word quiz, linking words to images


BTS music video to enjoy

피 땀 눈물 (Blood Sweat & Tears)

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the 피 땀 눈물 (Blood Sweat & Tears) music video above and see if you can hear “피 땀 눈물”, which you learned today.

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