Learn Korean with BTS #16 – 까맣다, 깨다, 꽃, 꿈, 끌어안다, 끝

Basic Korean words beginning with the consonant ㄲ([ssang-gi-yeok], [kk] sound)


Let’s learn Korean words 까맣다, 깨다, 꽃, 꿈, 끌어안다, 끝 with BTS lyrics.
Click on the image below to listen to all the BTS lyrics used in this post.

Learn Korean with BTS


까맣다 [kka-ma-ta] to be black


ⒷⓉⓈ 환한 낮에도 까만 밤에도 내 곁을 지켜주는 너
hwa-nan na-je-do kka-man ba-me-do nae gyeo-teul ji-kyeo-ju-neun neo
Even in the light of day, even in the dark of night, you stay by my side

*환한(환하다(to be bright) + ㄴ(noun modifier))
낮(day) + 에도(also) +
까만(까맣다(to be black) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
밤(night) + 에도(also) +
내(나(I)+의(of) = 내) +
곁(side) + 을(object particle) +
지켜주는(지켜주다(protect) + 는(noun modifier)) +


깨다 [kkae-da] to break


ⒷⓉⓈ 차라리 걍 깨버려
cha-ra-ri gyang kkae-beo-ryeo
I’d rather break it

*차라리(rather) +
걍(just) +
깨버려(break up)
(*If we ignore the context of the lyrics and just think about this sentence ‘차라리 걍 깨버려’, it could be translated more accurately as a command sentence ‘just break it’. However, ‘I’d rather break it’ could be translated as the following Korean sentence ‘차라리 (내가) 걍 깨버릴래’.)


깨다 [kkae-da] to wake


ⒷⓉⓈ 바깥이 환해졌을 때쯤 잠에서 깨
ba-kka-chi hwan-hae-jyeot-sseul ttae-jjeum ja-me-seo kkae
I wake up when it’s just about to get bright outside

*바깥(outside) +이(subject particle) +
환해졌을 때(환해졌다(became bright) + ~ㄹ/을 때(~when)) +
쯤(around, around the time) +
잠(sleep) + 에서(from) +
깨(wake up)
(*때 means time and ‘~ㄹ/을 때’ indicates a specific moment when something happens.
Sometimes 때 means dirt, dead skin.)


[kkot] flower


ⒷⓉⓈ 여전히 향기 나는 꽃 같아
yeo-jeo-ni hyang-gi na-neun kkot ga-ta
You are still like a fragrant flower

*여전히(still) +
향기(fragrance) + 나는(나다(occur) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
꽃(flower) + 같아(to be same)


[kkum] dream


ⒷⓉⓈ 니 꿈을 따라가
ni kku-meul tta-ra-ga
Follow your dream

*니(너(you) + 의(of), =니) +
꿈(dream) + 을(object particle) +
따라가(따라가다(follow) + 아(an imperative ending suffix))


끌어안다 [kkeu-reo-an-tta] to hug


ⒷⓉⓈ 나를 끌어안아줘
na-reul kkeu-reo-a-na-jwo
Give me a hug

*나(I) + 를(object particle) +
끌어안아줘(끌어안다(embrace) + 주다(give) + 어(an imperative ending suffix))


[kkeut] end, finish


ⒷⓉⓈ 이 겨울도 끝이 나요
i gyeo-ul-do kkeu-chi na-yo
The winter is ending

*이(this) +
겨울(winter) + 도(too, also) +
끝(end) + 이(subject particle) +
나요(to come out, occur)
(*이 means ‘this (near you)’, 그 means ‘the / that (near the other person)’ and 저 means ‘that (over there)’.
‘이, 그, 저’ are always followed by a noun and are used to refer to things or people.
To use 이, 그, and 저 as pronouns, 거/것 (thing) needs to be added after these words.)


Grammar Reference

*Adjective[verb] stem + ㄴ/은/는/을 + noun : noun that adjective[verb]
ex)환한 낮 : 환하다(to be bright) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 낮(day)
까만 밤 : 까맣다(to be black) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 밤(night)
지켜주는 너 : 지켜주다(protect) + 는(noun modifier)) + 너(you)
향기 나는 꽃 : 향기(fragrance) + 나다(occur) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 꽃(flower)
ㄴ/은/는/을 is added to verbs and adjectives to allow them to function as noun modifiers

*Noun + ~이/가 : noun + subject particle
ex)바깥이 : 바깥(outside) +이(subject particle)
끝이 : 끝(end) + 이(subject particle)
이 for nouns ending in a consonant, 가 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~을/를 : noun + object particle
ex)곁을 : 곁(side) + 을(object particle)
꿈을 : 꿈(dream) + 을(object particle)
나를 : 나(I) + 를(object particle)
을 for nouns ending in a consonant, 를 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~의 : of
ex)내 : 나(I)+의(of)
니 : 너(you) + 의(of) = 니 = 네

*Noun + ~에서 : at[from, in, out of]
ex)잠에서 : 잠(sleep) + 에서(from)

*Verb stem + 아/어/여라(an imperative ending suffix)
ex)따라가 : 따라가다(follow) + 아(an imperative ending suffix)
끌어안아줘 : 끌어안다(embrace) + 주다(give) + 어(an imperative ending suffix)
Imperative form is used when you want to make a request or command.
아/어/여라 is an imperative ending suffix.

*Noun + ~도 : also, too
ex)겨울도 : 겨울(winter) + 도(too, also)


Quiz. Linking words to images

Korean word quiz, linking words to images


BTS music video to enjoy

봄날 (Spring Day)

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the 봄날 (Spring Day) music video above and see if you can hear “이 겨울도 끝이 나요”, which you learned today.

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