Learn Korean with BTS #18 – 빨리, 빠지다, 빨갛다, 빵, 뻔하다, 뽀뽀

Basic Korean words beginning with the consonant ㅃ([ssang-bi-eup], [pp] sound)


Let’s learn Korean words 빠지다, 빨갛다, 빨리, 빵, 뻔하다, 뽀뽀 with BTS lyrics.
Click on the image below to listen to all the BTS lyrics used in this post.

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빨리 [ppal-li] fast, quickly


ⒷⓉⓈ 시간아 조금만 빨리 달려줘
si-ga-na jo-geum-man ppal-li dal-lyeo-jwo
Time, please go a litter faster

*시간아(Oh, time) +
조금만(just a little) +
빨리(fast) +
(*In the “noun (usually name) + 아/야”, “아/야” is similar to the English “hey~”.)


빠지다 [ppa-ji-da] to fall into


ⒷⓉⓈ 답도 없는 고민 고민 그 속에 빠져 있지 마
dap-ddo eop-neun go-min go-min geu so-ge ppa-jyeo it-jji ma
Your worries, worries, without any answer. Don’t fall into them and stay in them

*답(answer) + 도(also, too) + 없는(없다(there isn’t) + 는(noun modifier)) +
고민(worry) + 고민(worry) +
그(that) + 속(inside) + 에(at) +
빠져 있지 마(빠져있다(be sunk in) + ~지 마 (don’t))
(*이 means ‘this (near you)’, 그 means ‘the / that (near the other person)’ and 저 means ‘that (over there)’.
‘이, 그, 저’ are always followed by a noun and are used to refer to things or people.
To use 이, 그, and 저 as pronouns, 거/것 (thing) needs to be added after these words.)


빨갛다 [ppal-ga-ta] to be red


ⒷⓉⓈ 흰색 와이셔츠에 빨간 넥타이
huin-saek wa-i-syeo-cheu-e ppal-gan nek-ta-i
A white shirt and red necktie

*흰(white) +
색(color) +
와이셔츠(white shirt) + 에(at) +
빨간(빨갛다(to be red + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +


[ppang] bread


ⒷⓉⓈ 줄 수 있는 건 단팥빵과 수고했단 말뿐이다만
jul su it-neun geon dan-pat-ppang-gwa su-go-hae-ttdan mal-ppu-ni-da-man
All I can give you is Anpan and a word, “You’ve worked hard”

*줄 수 있는 건(주다(give) + ~ㄹ 수(dependent noun) + 있다(to be)+ ㄴ(noun modifier) + 건(것(thing) + 은(topic particle)) +
단팥(sweet red bean paste) + 빵(bread) +과(with) +
수고했단(수고했다(thank you for your hard work) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
말(word) + 뿐이다만(only, just)
(*Anpan is a Japanese sweet roll, usually filled with red bean paste.
‘Verb stem + ~ㄹ 수 있다’ means ‘can’ and ‘Verb stem + ~ㄹ 수 없다’ means ‘can’t’.)


뻔하다 [ppeon-ha-da] to be obvious


ⒷⓉⓈ 힘을 내란 뻔한 말은 하지 않을 거야
hi-meul nae-ran ppeo-nan ma-reun ha-ji a-neul geo-ya
I’m not going to say anything obvious like “find strength”

*힘을 내란(힘(strength) +을(object particle) + 내란((make, give), pluck up one´s courage)) +
뻔한(뻔하다(to be obvious) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
말(word) + 은(topic particle) +
하(다)(do) + ~지 않을 거야(won’t do)
(*Adding ‘~겠다/ㄹ 게/ㄹ 거야/을 거야/ ㄹ 거에요’ to the stem of a verb or an adjective makes it future tense.)


뻔하다 [ppeon-ha-da] almost, nearly


ⒷⓉⓈ 아 저 씻다가 진짜 잠들 뻔했어여
a jeo ssit-dda-ga jin-jja jam-deul ppeon-haet-sseo-yeo
Ah, I almost fell asleep while washing up

*아(ah) +
저(I) +
씻다가(씻다(wash) + ~가(while), while washing up) +
진짜(really) +
잠들(잠들다(fall asleep) + ~ㄹ 뻔했어여(almost happened))
(*나 and 저 both mean ‘I’ or ‘me’. 저 is a modest way of saying 나.)


뽀뽀 [ppo-ppo] kiss


ⒷⓉⓈ 하루에 뽀뽀 몇 번 카톡 몇 번
ha-ru-e ppo-ppo myeot beon ka-tok myeot beon
X no. of kisses per day, x no. of texts per day

*하루(a day) + 에(at, in) +
뽀뽀(kiss) +
몇(how many) + 번(time) +
카톡(KakaoTalk) +
몇(how many) + 번(time)


Grammar Reference

*Adjective[verb] stem + ㄴ/은/는/을 + noun : noun that adjective[verb]
ex)답도 없는 고민 : 답(answer) + 도(also, too) + 없다(there isn’t) + 는(noun modifier) + 고민(worry)
빨간 넥타이 : 빨갛다(to be red) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 넥타이(necktie)
줄 수 있는 건 : 주다(give) + ~ㄹ 수(dependent noun) + 있다(to be)+ ㄴ(noun modifier) + 건(것(thing) + 은(topic particle))
수고했단 말 : 수고했다(thank you for your hard work) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 말(word)
뻔한 말 : 뻔하다(to be obvious) + ㄴ( noun modifier) + 말(word)

*Noun/verb/adjective + (으)ㄹ 뿐이다 : only, just
ex)말뿐이다 : 말(word) + 뿐이다(only, just)
(으)ㄹ 뿐이다 indicates only one available action/state.

*Noun + ~은/는 : noun + topic particle
ex)말은 : 말(word) + 은(topic particle)
은 for nouns ending in a consonant, 는 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~에 : at[on, in, to, into]
ex)그 속에: 그(that) + 속(inside) + 에(at)
하루에 : 하루(a day) + 에(at, in)

*Noun + ~과/와 : with, and
ex)빵과 말 : 빵(bread) +과(with) + 말(word)
과 for nouns ending in a consonant, 와 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Verb stem + ~다가 : (while)… and/but then
ex)씻다가 잠들다 : 씻다가 (씻다(wash) + ~가(while), while washing up) + 잠들다(fall asleep)
It is an expression of the speaker’s interruption of one action in order to do another immediately.

*Verb stem + ~지 마 (informal)/ ~지 마요/마세요 (formal) : don’t + verb
ex)빠져 있지 마 : 빠져있다(be sunk in) + ~지 마 (don’t)


Quiz. Linking words to images

Korean word quiz, linking words to images


BTS music video to enjoy

BTS Magic Shop

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the Magic Shop music video above and see if you can hear “힘을 내란 뻔한 말은 하지 않을 거야”, which you learned today.

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