Learn Korean with BTS #2 – 가다, 걱정, 계속, 괜찮다, 기억, 길

Basic Korean words beginning with the consonant ㄱ([gi-yeok], [g] sound)

 

Let’s learn Korean words 가다, 걱정, 계속, 괜찮다, 기억, 길 with BTS lyrics.
Click on the image below to listen to all the BTS lyrics used in this post.

Learn Korean with BTS

 

가다 [ga-da] to go

korean_word_가다_meaning_go

ⒷⓉⓈ Lyric 너와의 시간이 너무 빨리 가
neo-wa-ui si-ga-ni neo-mu ppal-li ga
Time with you goes by too quickly

*너(you) + 와의(with) +
시간(time) + 이(subject particle) +
너무(too) +
빨리(fast) + 가(go)
(*’Verb[adjective] stem + ~아/어/아요/어요’ are casual sentence endings and make verbs and adjectives in the present tense.
Just remove the -다 at the end of the dictionary form to get the Korean verb stem.
가다 is the dictionary form and 가 is the verb stem of 가다.
Above, ‘가’ is the verb stem ‘가’ and the casual sentence ending ‘아’, which should be ‘가아’ but is abbreviated to ‘가’.)

 

걱정 [geok-jjeong] worry, anxiety

korean_word_걱정_meaning_worry

ⒷⓉⓈ 내가 떠나도 걱정은 하지 마
nae-ga tteo-na-do geok-jjeong-eun ha-ji ma
Don’t worry even if I leave

*내가(나(I) + 가(subject particle)) +
떠나도(떠나다(leave) + (아/어)도(even if)) +
걱정(worry) + 은(topic particle) +
하지 마 (하다(do) + ~지 마(do not))

 

계속 [gye-sok] continuously

korean_word_계속_meaning_continuously

ⒷⓉⓈ 계속 걸어 멈추기엔 우린 아직 너무 어려
gye-sok geo-reo meom-chu-gi-en u-rin a-jik neo-mu eo-ryeo
Keep walking, we’re too young to stop

*계속(continuously) +
걸어(걷다(walk) + 어(an imperative ending suffix)) +
멈추기엔(멈추다(stop) + ~기에는(connective ending)) +
우리(we) + 는(topic particle) +
아직(still) +
너무(too) +
어려(to be young)
(*우린 is a shortened form of 우리는.
~기에 is a connective ending referring to the cause or reason of the following statement.)

 

괜찮다 [gwaen-chan-ta] to be okay, to be all right

korean_word_괜찮다_meaning_to-be-okay

ⒷⓉⓈ 꿈이 없어도 괜찮아
kku-mi eop-sseo-do gwaen-cha-na
It’s okay if you don’t have a dream

*꿈(dream) + 이(subject particle) +
없어도(없다(don’t have) + ~어도(even if)) +
괜찮아(it’s okay)
(*This sentence has no subject.
It’s important to note that while English sentences require a subject, Korean sentences often omit the subject.
‘Verb[adjective] stem + ~아/어/아요/어요’ are casual sentence endings and make verbs and adjectives in the present tense.
Just remove the -다 at the end of the dictionary form to get the Korean verb stem.
괜찮다 is the dictionary form and 괜찮 is the verb stem of 괜찮다.
Above, ‘괜찮아’ is the verb stem ‘괜찮’ and the casual sentence ending ‘아’.)

 

기억 [gi-eok] memory

korean_word_기억_meaning_memory

ⒷⓉⓈ 전혀 기억이 나질 않아
jeon-hyeo gi-eo-gi na-jil ana
I can’t remember at all

*전혀(not at all) +
기억(memory) + 이(subject particle) +
나질 않아 (나다(to come out, occur) + ~질 않아(don’t/can’t))
(*There is no subject in this sentence either.
It’s important to note that while English sentences require a subject, Korean sentences often omit the subject.
Again, ‘Verb[adjective] stem + ~아/어/아요/어요’ are casual sentence endings and make verbs and adjectives in the present tense.
Just remove the -다 at the end of the dictionary form to get the Korean verb stem.
않다 is the dictionary form and 않 is the verb stem of 않다.
Above, ‘않아’ is the verb stem ‘않’ and the casual sentence ending ‘아’.)

 

[gil] road, way

korean_word_길_meaning_road

ⒷⓉⓈ 길을 잃어버린 어린아이처럼
gi-reul il-eo-beo-rin eo-rin-a-i-cheo-reom
Like a child who lost his way

*길(road, way) + 을(object particle) +
잃어버린(잃어버리다(lose) + ㄴ(noun modifier)) +
어린(young) + 아이(child) + 처럼(like)

 

Grammar Reference

*Noun + ~이/가 : noun + subject particle
ex)시간이 : 시간(time) + 이(subject particle)
내가 : 나(I) + 가(subject particle)
꿈이 : 꿈(dream) + 이(subject particle)
기억이 : 기억(memory) + 이(subject particle)
이 for nouns ending in a consonant, 가 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~은/는: noun + topic particle
ex)걱정은 : 걱정(worry) + 은(topic particle)
우린 : 우리(we) + 는(topic particle)
은 for nouns ending in a consonant, 는 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~을/를 : noun + object particle
ex)길을 : 길(road, way) + 을(object particle)
을 for nouns ending in a consonant, 를 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Verb stem + ~(아/어)도 : even if, no matter how
ex)떠나도 : 떠나다(leave) + (아/어)도(even if)
없어도: 없다(don’t have) + ~어도(even if)

*Verb stem + ~지 마(요/세요) : don’t (negative commands)
ex)하지 마 : 하다(do) + ~지 마(do not)
Verb + ~지 마세요 : please don’t
~지 마(요/세요) (-ji ma(yo/seyo)) is the grammatical structure used to tell someone not to do something.

*Verb[adjective] stem + ~지 않다 : don’t, can’t (expression to negate the act or state)
ex)나질 않아 : 나다(to come out, occur) + ~질 않아 (don’t/can’t)

*Verb stem + 아/어/여라(an imperative ending suffix)
ex)걸어 : 걷다(walk) + 어(an imperative ending suffix)
Imperative form is used when you want to make a request or command.
아/어/여라 is an imperative ending suffix.

*Adjective[verb] stem + ㄴ/은/는/을 + noun : noun that adjective[verb]
ex)잃어버린 아이 : 잃어버리다(lose) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 아이(a child), a child who lost)
ㄴ/은/는/을 is added to verbs and adjectives to allow them to function as noun modifiers

 

Quiz. Linking words to images

Korean word quiz, Linking words to images

 

BTS music video to enjoy

낙원 (Paradise)

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the 낙원 (Paradise) music video above and see if you can hear “꿈이 없어도 괜찮아”, which you learned today.

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