Learn Korean with BTS #8 – 사람, 사랑, 생각, 세상, 손, 시간

Basic Korean words beginning with the consonant ㅅ([shi-ot], [s] sound)

 

Let’s learn Korean words 발, 밤, 별, 보다, 비, 빛 with BTS lyrics.
Click on the image below to listen to all the BTS lyrics used in this post.

Learn Korean with BTS

 

사람 [sa-ram] person

korean_word_사람_meaning_person

ⒷⓉⓈ 어쩜 사람이 그래?
eo-jjeom sa-ra-mi geu-rae
How can a person be like that?

*어쩜(how come) +
사람(person) + 이(subject particle) +
그래(like that)?

 

사랑 [sa-rang] love

korean_word_사랑_meaning_love

ⒷⓉⓈ 미안해 (I hate u) 사랑해 (I hate u) 용서해 (shit)
mi-a-nae (I hate u) sa-rang-hae (I hate u) yong-seo-hae (shit)
I’m sorry (I hate u) I love you (I hate u) Forgive me (shit)

*미안해(미안(being sorry) + 하다(to do, to be)) +
사랑해(사랑(love) + 하다(to do, to be) +
용서해(용서(forgiveness) +하다(to do, to be))
(*In some cases, nouns can be turned into verbs by simply adding the verb 하다 (to do, to be).
하다(hada, to do) is the dictionary form and there are several conjugations of 하다 in Korean.
1)해라(haera) 2)해(hae) 3)해요(haeyo) 4)하십시오(hasipsio)
해요, 해 are informal and are usually used in everyday conversation.
The politeness level is 1 < 2 < 3 < 4.)

 

생각 [saeng-gak] thought

korean_word_생각_meaning_thought

ⒷⓉⓈ 생각이 많은 건지 없는 건지 잘 몰라
saeng-ga-gi ma-neun geon-ji eop-neun geon-ji jal mol-la
I don’t know if I have a lot of thoughts or no thoughts at all

*생각(thought) + 이(subject particle) +
많은(많다(to be a lot) + 은(noun modifier)) + 건지(whether ~ or not) +
없는(없다(do not exist) + 는(noun modifier)) + 건지(whether ~ or not) +
잘(well) +
몰라(don’t know)

 

세상 [se-sang] the world

korean_word_세상_meaning_world

ⒷⓉⓈ 세상은 우리가 세상을 다 가진 줄 아는군
se-sang-eun u-ri-ga se-sang-eul da ga-jin jul a-neun-gun
The world thinks we own the whole world

*세상(the world) + 은(topic particle) +
우리(we) + 가(subject particle) +
세상(the world) +을(object particle) +
다(all) +
가진 줄 아는군(가지다(possess) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 줄(dependent noun) + 알다(know) + ~는군(to be, to do))
(*~ㄹ/을/ㄴ/은 줄 알다 is used by the speaker to indicate whether he/she knows something or not.
~는군(요), ~군(요), ~는구나, and ~구나 are used with verbs to express the speaker’s realization or surprise when learning or realizing something for the first time.)

 

[son] hand

korean_word_손_meaning_hand

ⒷⓉⓈ 그러니 절대 너는 내 손을 놓지 마
geu-reo-ni jeol-dae neo-neun nae so-neul not-chi ma
So don’t ever let go of my hand

*그러니(so) +
절대(never) +
너(you) + 는(topic particle) +
내(나(I)+의(of), =내) +
손(hand) + 을(object particle) +
놓(다)(let go) + ~지 마(don’t)
(*Above 내 is a shortened form of 나의.)

 

시간 [si-gan] time

korean_word_시간_meaning_time

ⒷⓉⓈ 이야 시간 빠르다
i-ya si-gan ppa-reu-da
Wow, time flies fast

*이야(Wow) +
시간(time) +
빠르다(to be fast)

 

Grammar Reference

*Noun+하다 : verb
Many Korean nouns that indicate or describe an action or behavior can be combined with 하다 to form verbs.
In some cases, nouns can be turned into verbs by simply adding the verb 하다(to do, to be).
ex)미안(being sorry) + 하다 = 미안하다(to be sorry)
사랑(love) + 하다 = 사랑하다(to love)
용서(forgiveness) + 하다 = 용서하다(to forgive)

*Noun + ~이/가 : noun + subject particle
ex)사람이 : 사람(person) + 이(subject particle)
생각이 : 생각(thoughts) + 이(subject particle)
우리가 : 우리(we) + 가(subject particle)
이 for nouns ending in a consonant, 가 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~은/는 : noun + topic particle
ex)세상은 : 세상(the world) + 은(topic particle)
너는 : 너(you) + 는(topic particle)
은 for nouns ending in a consonant, 는 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Noun + ~을/를 : noun + object particle
ex)세상을 : 세상(the world) + 을(object particle)
손을 : 손(hand) + 을(object particle)
을 for nouns ending in a consonant, 를 for nouns ending in a vowel.

*Adjective[verb] stem + ㄴ/은/는/을 + noun : noun that adjective[verb]
ex)많은 건지 : 많은(많다(a lot) + 은(noun modifier)) + 건지(whether ~ or not) +
없는 건지 : 없는(없다(do not exist) + 는(noun modifier)) + 건지(whether ~ or not)
가진 줄 : 가지다(possess) + ㄴ(noun modifier) + 줄(dependent noun)
ㄴ/은/는/을 is added to verbs and adjectives to allow them to function as noun modifiers

*Verb stem + ~지 마 (informal)/ ~지 마요/마세요 (formal) : don’t + verb
ex) 놓지 마 : 놓다(let go) + ~지 마(don’t)
For more detailed information on negative sentences in Korean, please refer to the below blog.
Negative Sentences in Korean

 

Quiz. Linking words to images

Korean word quiz, linking words to images

 

BTS music video to enjoy

I NEED U

Well done for making it this far.
Watch the I NEED U music video above and see if you can hear “미안해 (I hate u) 사랑해 (I hate u) 용서해 (shit)”, which you learned today.

Leave a Comment